Medical Abbreviations A-E

A or Ⓐ or assist.

assistance (OR assistant)

A

assessment (SOAP note)

A&O

alert and oriented (the patient can answer questions to date, person, place)

AAA

abdominal aortic aneurysm

AAFO

articulating ankle-foot orthosis

AAROM

active assistive (or assisted) range of motion

Abd or ABD

abduction

ABG(s)

arterial blood gas(es)

Abn

abnormal

ABR

auditory brainstem response

AC

acromioclavicular OR alternating current

ACA

anterior cerebral artery

ACL

anterior cruciate ligament

AD

assistive device

ADD

attention deficit disorder

Add or ADD

adduction

ADHD

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

ad lib

as desired OR at discretion

ADL

Activities of daily living; activities usually performed during a typical day

AE

above elbow

AEA

Above elbow amputation (transhumeral amputation)

Afib

atrial fibrillation

AFO

ankle-foot orthosis (device for stabilization)

AG

against gravity

AgNO3

silver nitrate

AIDS

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

AK

above knee

AKA

above knee amputation (transfemoral amputation); also known as

AMA

against medical advice

Amb

ambulate; ambulation

Amp

amputation

Ant

anterior

AODM

adult onset diabetes mellitus (type 2)

A/P or A-P or AP

anterior-posterior or ankle pump

approx

approximate, approximately

appt

appointment

ARDS

adult (or acute) respiratory distress syndrome

AROM

active range of motion

Art

artery

AS

aortic stenosis

ASAP

as soon as possible

ASD

atrial septal defect

ASIA

American Spinal Injury Association

ASIS

anterior superior iliac spine

ATL

Achilles tendon lengthening (= helps with toe walking)

ATNR

asymmetric tonic neck reflex

AV

atrioventricular

AVN

avascular necrosis (= death of bone tissue due to lack of blood supply)

B or Ⓑ or bil.

bilateral

B&B

bowel and bladder

bal

balance

BBB

bundle branch block

BE

below elbow

BEA

Below elbow amputation (transradial amputation)

BF

biofeedback OR black female

BICU

burn intensive care unit

BID or b.i.d.

twice daily (twice a day)

BIW or b.i.w.

twice a week (biweekly)

BK

below knee

BKA

below knee amputation (transtibial amptation)

BM

bowel movement

BMT

bone marrow transplant

BNL

below normal limits

BOS

base of support

BP

blood pressure

BPD

bronchopulmonary dysplasia

bpm

beats per minute

BR

bedrest

BRP

bathroom privilege

BS

breath sounds

B/S

bedside

BSA

body surface area

BUN

blood urea nitrogen (blood test)

BX or bx

biopsy

C

centigrade

CC

chief complaint

C1, C2, etc.

Cervical vertebrae (numbered according to area of the spine)

CA or Ca

cancer OR carcinoma OR cardiac arrest

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft

CAD

coronary artery disease

CAT scan

computerized axial tomography scan

CBC

complete blood count

CF

Cystic Fibrosis, the most common congenital diseasethe child's lungs and intestines and pancreas become clogged with thick mucus; caused by defect in a single gene; there is no cure

CG

contact guarding

CHD

congenital heart disease

CHF

congestive heart failure

Chg

charge

CHI

closed head injury

CICU

coronary intensive care unit OR cardiac intensive care unit

Chole

cholecystectomy

cm

centimeter

CMC

carpometacarpal (joint)

CMV

cytomegalovirus

CNS

central nervous system

C/O or c/o

complains of (complained of)

CO

carbon monoxide OR cervical orthosis

COB

center of balance

COG

center of gravity

COM

center of mass (= point on the body where body mass is equally distributed on all sides)

cont'd

continued

COP

center of pressure

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CO2

carbon dioxide

CP

cerebral palsy

CPAP

continuous positive airway pressure

CPM

continuous passive motion

CPN

central parenteral nutrition

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

CPT

Current Procedural Terminology OR chest physical therapy

CRPS

complex regional pain syndrome

CRNP

Certified Registered Nurse Practitioner

CS

close supervision

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid

CT

computed tomography

CV

cardiovascular

CVA

cerebrovascular accident

CWI

crutch walking instructions

CWP

cold whirlpool

cx

cancel; crutches

D or Ⓓ or dep.

dependent

DAFO

dynamic ankle foot orthosis

DAI

diffuse axonal injury

DASH

Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (outcomes measure)

DBE

deep breathing exercise

DBS

deep brain stimulator (stimulation)

DC

Doctor of Chiropractic; chiropractor

d/c

discharge, discontinue

DD

developmental delay

DDD

degenerative disc disease

DDH

developmental dysplasia of hip

dept.

department

DF

dorsiflexion

DIP

distal interphalangeal (joint)

dist.

distance, distant

DM

diabetes mellitus

DME

durable medical equipment

DNR

do not resuscitate

DOA

dead on arrival; date of admission

DOB

date of birth

DOI

date of injury

DPT

diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus vaccine, Doctor of Physical Therapy

DS

distant supervision

DT

delirium tremens

DTR

deep tendon reflex

DVT

deep vein thrombosis

dx

diagnosis

ECF

extended care facility

ECG

electrocardiogram (EKG)

ECHO

echoencephalogram

ECMO

extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

E. coli

Escherichia coli (bacteria in bowel)

EEG

electroencephalogram

EENT

eyes, ears, nose, and throat

EMG

electromyogram

EMS

emergency medical services

EMT

emergency medical technician

ENT

ear, nose, throat

EOB

edge of bed

equip.

equipment

ER

external rotation OR emergency room

ERV

expiratory reserve volume

ES

effect size

ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

ESRD

end-stage renal disease

e-stim

electrical stimulation

EtOH or ETOH

ethyl alcohol

ET or ETT

endotracheal tube

eval

evaluation

Ex

exercise

exam

examination

Ext (3)

extension OR extremity OR external

ext. rot. or ER

external (lateral) rotation

E&G

excision and grafting