Week 4: Growth Mindset in Competency-Based Medical Education

The growth mindset is an implicit belief held by an individual that intelligence and abilities are changeable, rather than fixed and mutable. True or False

False, immutable

There is an ongoing adoption of competency-based medical education (CBME) across health professions training draws focus to learner-centered educational design.True or False

True

A growth mindset, which entails the explicit belief that one can improve with focused effort, persistence, and coaching, aligns with the tenets of competency-based medical education.True or False

False, implicitExplicit - very clear and without vagueness or ambiguity. Implicit - something that is understood, but not described clearly or directly, and often using implication or assumption.

Health professions learners with a growth mindset are prepared to learn, adapt, and continually pursue____________ throughout their practice.a) masteryb) diligencec) solutionsd) healthcare

a) mastery

The traditional culture of medical education is performance-oriented and risks promoting a fixed mindset in which trainees aim to appear competent and hide areas requiring further development.True or False

True

Framing the Undergraduate Medical Education (UME) to Graduate Medical Education (GME) transition from the perspective of a growth mindset would shift its focus from identifying the ___________applicants to identifying an individual's fit in a program that could best support their continued learning.a) bottomb) topc) middled) none of the above

b) top

To enact an institutional growth mindset in the system of health professions education, educators and education programs must apply and support concepts of growth toward ___________.a) successb) masteryc) learningd) medicine

b) mastery

An individual's approach to learning will significantly affect their success in a competency-based medical education (CBME) program.True or False

True

Learners with the growth mindset recognize that the road to competence and onward to mastery is a developmental ____________.a) successb) progressionc) successiond) goal

b) progression

The purpose of this paper is to describe the synergy between the growth mindset and competency-based medical education (CBME) and to address the challenges inherent in the adoption of the growth mindset.True or False

True

Mindsets have been described as a 'particular way of thinking' (Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary). They are a collection of attitudes, outlooks, and beliefs that powerfully shape personality and how one habitually thinks and acts. The foundation of a mindset is one's beliefs.True or False

True

The foundation of a mindset is one's__________a) study habitsb) successc) beliefsd) disbeliefs

c) beliefs

An individual with the growth mindset believes attributes (e.g. intelligence) are malleable and cannot be improved.True or False

False, an individual with the growth mindset believes attributes (e.g. intelligence) are malleable (shapeable) and can be improved.

An Individual with a fixed mindset believes attributes are changeable and inherent to their self-worth.False

False, An Individual with a fixed mindset believes attributes are unchangeable and inherent to their self-worth.

A learner's mindset can influence their goal orientation (Locke and Latham 2002), which is reflected in their behaviour/behavior.True or False

True

Fixed-mindset learners behave in a way that makes them "look good" to reaffirm their self-worth and avoid failure, while growth-mindset learners focus on improving their competence in the pursuit of mastery and see failure as a part of the developmental process.True or False

True

A growth mindset subdues curiosity for fear of appearing incompetent., while a fixed mindset promotes curiosity and a willingness to ask questions.True or False

False, Growth mindset promotes curiosity and a willingness to ask questions, while a fixed mindset subdues curiosity for fear of appearing incompetent.

Learners with the growth mindset engage in extensive self-monitoring and base their satisfaction on the effort exerted rather than simply on progress achieved.True

True

Growth mindset learners seek input from external sources and welcome suggestions for improvement.True or False

True

If faced with challenges, growth-minded individuals use setbacks to motivate themselves, decrease their efforts, and use different strategies for learning.True or False

False, if faced with challenges, growth-minded individuals use setbacks to motivate themselves, increase their efforts, and use different strategies for learning.

Learners with a fixed mindset are more accepting of feedback or criticism.True or False

False, Learners with a fixed mindset are more resistance to feedback or criticism.

Growth-mindset demonstrate tenacity and persevere in response to adversity and failure.True or False

True

Learners with the fixed mindset react helplessly in the face of obstacles.True or False

True

A growth mindset allows one to embrace the linear trajectory of learning and the inevitable failures as a part of the journey.True or False

False, a Growth mindset allows one to embrace the nonlinear trajectory of learning and the inevitable failures as a part of the journey.

The process of growth requires continual self-reflection, self-assessment, and self-acceptance of imperfections. True or False

True

Individuals with the growth mindset less accurately self-assess than those without the growth mindset and are more likely to view themselves as successful even after failure.True or False

False, Individuals with the growth mindset more accurately self-assess than those without the growth mindset and are more likely to view themselves as successful even after failure.

Learners with the fixed mindset worry that there is an endpoint to their ability, revealing there is a limit to their intelligence, so they hide weaknesses.True or False

True, learners with the fixed mindset worry that there is an endpoint to their ability, revealing there is a limit to their intelligence, so they hide weaknesses.

A growth mindset is a key ingredienta) mastery of learning and deliberate practice.b) case-based learning and teamwork.c) instructor-based learning and deliberate practiced) simulation-based learning and teamwork

a) mastery of learning and deliberate practice.

Mastery learning emphasizes the lifelong learning pathway that is essential for the practice of medicine in the twenty-first century, given the constant and rapid evolution of best practice.True or False

True

Practical implementation includes (a) repetitive performance of intended cognitive or psychomotor skills(b) rigorous observation of abilities by a more experienced individual(c) specific informative feedback, including suggestions for improvement(d) All of the above(e) None of the above

(d) All of the above

CBME learner-centered approach is analogous to patient-centered care wherein a physician tailors their care to a patient's preferences and medical condition(s)Ture or False

True

The long-standing assumptions and practices in health professions education:(1) Traditionally, excellence has been both defined and recognized by high grades indicating superior performance relative to peers.(2) Traditionally, expectation of flawless performance rather than valuing improvement.True or False

True

Remedial action should be reframed as a normal part of individuals' development, captured in their targeted learning plan, with the understanding that all learners will progress at different rates and have areas that need improvement.True or False

True

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