9-19 study set


Main line of latitude

Prime Meridian

main line of longitude

cardinal directions

North, South, East, West

intermediate directions

Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southwest

7 continents

Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, Australia

5 oceans

Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, Southern

5 parts of a map

title, compass rose, key, inset map, and scale bar


the latitude and longitude address of a place on a map

absolute location

Exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates

relative location

The position of a place in relation to another place

political map

A map showing units such as countries, states, provinces, districts, etc. Each is normally a different color

physical map

A map that shows mountains, hills, plains, rivers, lakes, oceans, etc.

climate map

Shows information about the climate of an area; like the specific climatic zones based on the temperature, the amount of snow an area receives or average number of cloudy days. These maps normally use colors to show different climatic areas.

historical map

a map that shows information about the past

resource map

shows the distribution of various resources

special purpose map

a map that shows themes or patterns such as climate, natural resources, or population


half of the earth

Tropical Climate Zone

warm, moist climate zone near the equator

arid/dry climate zone

hot, little to no rainfall, few plants and animals

temperate climate zone

Cold winters and mild summers

Polar Climate Zone

Very cold and dry all year

Mountain Climate Zone

cold winters, cool summers, moderate to heavy precipitation

Factors that determine climate

bodies of water, elevation, latitude

Himalaya Mountains

A mountain range in South Asia that includes Mount Everest, the world's tallest mountain peak.

Great Rift Valley

area in Africa where parts of the plateau's surface dropped and early human fossils are found

Ring of Fire

A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean


a split, break, breach


A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake


A narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water


A narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas


large natural stream of water that runs through the land


a submerged ridge of rock or coral near the surface of the water


A large area of flat land elevated high above sea level


A group of islands


A piece of land that is surrounded by water on three sides.


a large area of flat land with few trees