Medical Interventions: Unit 1 Quiz

antigen

a foreign macromolecule that does not belong to the host organism and elicits an immune response

concentration

the amount of a specified substance in a unit amount of another substance

ELISA

a quantitative in vitro test for an antibody or antigen in which the test material is absorbed on a surface and exposed either to a complex of an enzyme linked to an antibody specific for the antigen or an enzyme linked to an anti-immunoglobulin specific for the antibody followed by reaction of the enzyme with a substrate to yield a colored product corresponding to the concentration of the test material

enzyme

a protein serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that changes the rate of reaction without being consumed by the reaction

genome

the complement of an organism's genes; an organism's genetic material

outbreak

a sudden rise in the incidence of a disease

pathogen

a specific causative agent of disease

primer

a molecule (a short strand of RNA or DNA) whose presence is required for formation of another molecule (a longer chain of DNA)

serial dilution

a stepwise dilution of a substance in solution

solute

a substance that is dissolved in a solution

solution

a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances, which may be solids, liquids, gases, or a combination of these

solvent

a substance, usually a liquid, capable of dissolving another substance

substrate

the reactant on which an enzyme works