Hygiene

What factors influence a patient's hygiene?

-culture-age

What does the epidermis do?

shields underlying tissue

What does the dermis contain?

bundles of collagen, nerve fibers, blood vessels, sebaceous glands

What is xerostomia?

dry mouth

What is gingivitis?

inflammation of the gums

What is dental caries?

tooth decay

What can lead to xerostomia?

some medications

What factors can affect hair characteristics?

-hormonal changes-nutrition-emotional/physical stress-aging-infection

What does tears help with?

helps cleanse, lubricate, and protect the eyes from bacteria

What does cerumen (ear wax) do?

protects the ear drum from foreign bodies

What factors should be assessed during the nursing process?

-self care ability-skin-oral cavity-use of sensory aids-hair/hair care-hygiene care practices-feet/nails-eyes/ears/nose-cultural influences

What are 7 common diagnoses associated w/ hygiene?

-activity intolerance-bathing self-care deficit-dressing self-care deficit-impaired physical mobility-impaired oral mucous membranes-ineffective health maintenance-infection risk

What are the goals and outcomes of the nursing process?

-partner w/ patient and family-measurable, achievable, indiviualized

What do you base priorities on during the nursing process?

assistance required, extent of problems, and nature of diagnosis

What does brushing your teeth do?

removes particles, plaque, and bacteria

What does flossing do?

removes plaque/tartar between teeth.

What does brushing/combing do?

distributes oils and prevents tangling

What is more effective than the use of pediculicidal shampoo with a case of head lice?

combing

What does shampoo frequency depend on?

patient routines and hair condition

How do you shave a mustache/beard?

short, firm downward strokes

RECALL THE 7 SAFETY GUIDELINES FOR HYGIENE!!

-identify patient, two identifiers-proper use of side rails-move cleanest to less clean areas-use clean glues w/ nonintact skin-test water temperature-principles of body mechanics/safe patient handling-proper direction to CNA

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