unit one quiz one

cell

the smallest unit that possess all the characteristics of life

oxygen

molecule necessary for cellular respiration in mitochondria

histology

study of tissues

cytology

study of cells

gross

study of parts visible to the naked eye

anatomy

The study of body structure

excretion

production and elimination of wastes

Catabolism

breaking down molecules into smaller ones

responsiveness

the ability to detect and respond to stimuli

Physiology

The study of body function

pathology

study of disease

tissue

A group of similar cells that perform the same function.

structural organization

atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism

urinary system

filters blood to form urine; regulates water and solute balance kidneys, ureters, bladder

reproductive system

produces offspringoveries, testes

integumentary system

forms the external body covering; protects deeper tissue skin, hair, nails

skeletal system

protects/supports organs; framework that allows muscles to attach femur, humerus, tibia

Muscular System

allows movement, maintain posture, generates heatbiceps, triceps, deltoid

lympathic system

transports tissue fluid and fights off infectionslymph nodes, spleen, tonsil

nervous system

fast-acting control system of the body; responds to internal and external changes by activating appropriate muscles and glandsbrain, spinal cord, nerves

respiratory system

responsible for gas exchange lungs, trachea, larynx

cardiovascular system

transports blood that carries oxygen and nutrients around the body heart, arteries, veins

Digestive Sysytem

the organ system that breaks down food so it can be absorbed into the bloodstreamesophagus, stomach, intestines

endrocrine system

slower long term- produces hormones that help regulatethyroid gland, pineal gland, pituitary gland