MT 1 Cultural Change and Physical Geography Vocab

Mercantilism

the economic theory that trade generates wealth and is stimulated by the accumulation of profitable balances, which a government should encourage by means of protectionism.

colonization

The action or process of settling among and establishing control over the indigenous people of an area.

cartographer

A person who draws or produces maps.

Circumnavigate

To sail or travel all the way around the world.

armada

a fleet of warships

strait

A narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water

port

A town or city with a harbor where ships load or unload. Usually a port is protected from storms.

exploration

the action of traveling in or through an unfamiliar area in order to learn about it.

imperialism

A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.

Columbian Exchange

The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.