Anatomy 1 Test 1 ID ONLY

CraniumP_F_ Z_E_T_E_N_T_T_ S_(Z_V_) T_(T_E_) P_(M_)

Parietal BoneFrontal Bone and Zygomatic ProcessExternal Sagittal CrestTemporal LinesExternal Occipital ProtuberanceNuchal CrestTemporal FossaTemporal Bone, squamous part (Zygomatic Process of temporal bone and ventral part of the temporal fossa), Tympanic Part (tympanic bulla and External acoustic meatus), Petrous part (Mastoid Process)

Facial BonesN_M_I_N_O_O_O_Z_ F_Z_ Z_ Z_P_P_P_

Nasal BoneMaxillaIncisive Bone Nasal ApertureOrbitOrbit MarginOrbital LigamentZygomatic Bone and Frontal Process of the Zygomatic BoneZygomatic Arch Zygomatic Bone and Zygomatic process of the Temporal BonePalatine BonePterygoid BonePterygopalatine fossa

Ventral Surface of the Skull: Bones of the CraniumO_ P_M_S_B_P_T_M_R_H_L_V_

Occipital Bone and Paracondylar processMastoid ProcessSphenoid Bone Basisphenoid and PresphenoidTemporal Bone Mandibular Fossa and Retroarticular processHard palateLacrimal boneVomer

Foramina and opening of the SkullO_O_R_A_C_R_M_F_I_I_E_O_T_H_S_D_A_P_

Optic canalOrbital FissureRostral alar foramenAlar canalCaudal Alar foramenRound ForamenMaxillary foramenFossa for Lacrimal sacInfraorbital foramenInfraorbital canalExternal acoustic meatusOval foramenTympano-occipital fissureHypoglossal canalStylomastoid foramenDental arch, alveoliPalatine Fissure

Caudal Surface of the SkullN_E_O_F_

Nuchal crestExternal Occipital ProtuberanceOccipital condylesForamen magnum


BodyRamusMasseteric FossaCoronoid processMandibular foramenMental foraminaCondylar processMandibular NotchAngular Process

Hyoid ApparatusS_E_C_B_T_


Cavities of the SkullC_C_S_T_N_C_C_(D_V_)E_(E_C_N_)P_(F_M_)

Cranial Cavity and Cribriform plate and Sella Turcica and Tentorium cerebelli osseumNasal Cavity and choanae and conchae (dorsal and ventral nasal concha) and Ethmoid bone (ethmoidal labyrinth and cribriform plate and nasal septum)Paranasal sinuses (frontal sinuses and maxillary recess)

Dental formulaPermanent dog: I_C_P_M_Deciduous dog: I_C_P_M_


Shearing tooth on upper and lower and two other names for it

4th pm upper and 1st m lower, carnassial or sectorial

Tooth SurfacesV_L_P_O_orM_M_D_

VestibularLingual PalatineOcclusal or masticating surfaceMesial surfaceDistal surface

Joints of the headA_T_M_I_

atlanto-occipital jointtemporomandibular jointMandibular symphysis

AtlasW_B_ forms only a VA_C_C_L_V_P_L_VF_VC_IF_C_C_S_TP_TF_

wingsbody forms only a vertebral archCranial articular foveaeCaudal articular foveaeLateral Vertebral ForamenVertebral Arch (pedicle and lamina)Vertebral ForamenVertebral CanalIntervertebral Foramen (cranial and caudal notches)Spinous processTransverse ProcessTransverse foramen


DensSpinous ProcessCranial articular surfaceBodyVertebral Arch (pedicle and lamina)Vertebral ForamenVertebral CanalIntervertebral Foramen (cranial and caudal notches)Transverse ProcessTransverse foramenArticular process and articular surface or fovea

Facts about the cervical vertebraeC6C7

C6 has the largest transverse process of C3-C7 C7 has the tallest spine and has NO transverse foramen

Thoracic VertebraeCCF_CCF_S_Name for the vertebrae that points dorsally and which vertebrae is itVA_P_L_VF_VC_IF_CN_CN_TP_TF_AP_AS_ or AF_

Cranial Costal FoveaeCaudal Costal FoveaeSpineAnticlinal vertebrae, T11BodyVertebral Arch (pedicle and lamina)Vertebral ForamenVertebral CanalIntervertebral Foramen (cranial and caudal notches)Transverse ProcessTransverse foramenArticular process and articular surface or fovea

Lumbar VertebraeSP_AP_MP_B_VA_ P_L_VF_VC_IF_ CN_CN_SP_TP_TF_AP_AS_ or AF_

Spinous processAccessory ProcessMammillary ProcessBodyVertebral Arch (pedicle and lamina)Vertebral ForamenVertebral CanalIntervertebral Foramen (cranial and caudal notches)Spinous processTransverse ProcessTransverse foramenArticular process and articular surface or fovea


Median Sacral CrestDorsal Sacral ForaminaPelvic Sacral ForaminaAuricular SurfacePromontory

Caudal Vertebrae feature pattern

they get less and less defined as you go distally


Costal cartilagesCostochondral junctionCostal ArchHeadTubercleNeck


sternebraemanubriumxiphoid process and xiphoid cartilage

Joints of the axial skeletonAO_AA_H_ribT_rib

Atlanto-occipital jointatlantoaxial jointHead of the rib articulates with the cranial and caudal costal foveae of the thoracic vertebraeTuberculum of the rib articulates with the transverse process of the thoracic vertebrae

Thoracic GirdleC_S_

Clavicle present in cartilage but not visible in the dog, see cat notesScapula

Thoracic Girdle: Scapula PartsGC_N_SS_A_SSF_ISF_SF_SF_CB_CB_DB_VA_SN_IT_ST_CP_

Glenoid CavityNeck of the scapulaSpine of the ScapulaAcromion, see cat notesSupraspinous fossaInfraspinous fossaSubscapular FossaSerrated FaceCranial Border Caudal borderDorsal borderVentral AngleScapular NotchInfraglenoid tubercleSupraglenoid tubercle


Head of the HumerusBody of the HumerusIntertubercular grooveIntertubercular GrooveGreater tubercleLesser TubercleNeck of the HumerusCrest of the Greater tubercleDeltoid TuberosityTricipital lineBrachialis GrooveLateral supracondylar crestTeres Major tuberosityHumeral CondyleTrochlea of the humerusCapitulumLateral epicondyle of the humerusMedial epicondyle of the humerusOlecranon fossaRadial FossaSupratrochlear foramen


Head of the radiusFovea CapitisBody of the radiusTrochlea of the radiusStyloid process of the radius


Trochlear NotchRadial NotchOlecranon, Olecranon tuber, anconeal processMedial coronoid processLateral coronoid processBody of the ulnaStyloid process of the ulna

Carpal BonesC_IC_UC_AC_C1-4

CarpusIntermedioradial carpal Ulnar carpalAccessory CarpalCarpal bones 1-4

Metacarpal Bones 1-4M_B_H_B_

MetacarpusBase of the metacarpalHead of the metacarpalBody of the metacarpal


Ungual crestextensor processUngual processFlexor tubercleProximal sesamoidDorsal sesamoid

DigitsFront and rear dewclaw namesPP_MP_DP_

Pollex HalluxProximal phalanx middle phalanxdistal phalanx

Pelvic Girdle: made up of these bonesI_I_P_The hole and joint of the pelvisO_A_

IliumIschiumPubisObturator ForamenAcetabulum


Wing of the iliumBody of the iliumIliac crestTuber coxaeLateral area for the rectus femorisTuber SacraleGreater ischiatic notchGluteal SurfaceArcuate line


Ischiatic TuberosityIschiatic SpineLesser Ischiatic NotchIschiatic Arch


Iliopubic eminencePubic tuberclePecten of the pubispubic symphisis


Acetabular notchAcetabular fossa


Head of the femur, fovea capitis femorisNeck of the femurGreater trochanterTrochanteric fossaLesser TrochanterIntertrochanteric crestThird trochanterBody of the femurTrochlea of the femurMedial Femoral CondyleLateral Femoral CondyleIntercondylar FossaMedial Supracondylar tuberosityLateral Supracondylar TuberosityPopliteal SurfaceMedial Femoral EpicondyleLateral Femoral EpicondyleExtensor fossa

Patella, what is the anatomical name for the groove it sits in?What joint? What is special about it compared to the other sesamoid bones.

Trochlea of the femurStifleIt is the largest of the sesamoids

Fabellae: At what joint are they located, are they cranial or caudal to the joint? What other sesamoids are located near this joint?

Caudal to the stifle joint, popliteal and patellar sesamoids, popliteal is distal to the fabellae and the patella is cranial to the stifle joint

Popliteal sesamoid (locate on radiograph)Which joint is it located in? What are the other sesamoids near this joint? What aspect of the joint is this sesamoid located at?

Stifle. Fabellae, and patella. Located on the caudal distal aspect of this joint location.


Medial tibial condyleLateral tibial condyleIntercondylar eminenceCranial intercondylar areaCaudal intercondylar areaPopliteal NotchTibial TuberosityCranial border of the tibiaExtensor GrooveBody of the tibiaCochlea of the tibiaMedial Malleolus


Head of the fibulaBody of the FibulaLateral Malleolus

Hind paw (another name?) Front paw (another name?)Hind paw parts:TB_MTB_P_PS_DS_D1-5Name for digit 1?

Pes, ManusTarsal bonesMetatarsal Bones 2-5PhalangesProximal SesamoidsDorsal SesamoidsDigits 1-5Hallux