pharmacy laws

Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906

Prohibit the manufacturer, sale or transportaion of mis-brandished and adulterated foods and drugs

Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914

This required that all manufacturers, importers and physicians prescribing narcotics be licensed and taxed.

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938

Requires new drugs must be proven safe before marketing

Durham-Humphrey Amendment of 1951

-created a distinction between "OTC" and "Legend Drugs"-required legend drugs to carry the statement: "Caution: Federal law prohibits dispensing without a prescription."-emphasis on this act was to insure safety through qualified medical supervision

Kefauver-Harris Amendment of 1962

requires all medications in US to be pure safe and effective

Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act

According to the DSHEA, dietary supplements must be intended to enhance the diet. They must be something that can be eaten but are not considered to be a whole meal

Food and Drug Modernization Act of 1997

Required all manufacturers & repackagers to register with FDA for products deemed "misbranded"Label for Legend shortened to "RX Only

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

required the creation of national standards to protect sensitive patient health information from being disclosed without the patient's consent or knowledge.

Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003

required that the individual receive their prescription drug coverage through medicare, and not the states medical program

Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970

outlines the policies for the manufacturing, importation, possessions, use and distribution of certain chemical substances

drug induced rape prevention and punishment 1996

criminal penalties of up to 20 years imprisonment for anyone who distributes a controlled substance to someone with the intent to commit a crime of violence

Federal Analogue Act of 1986

Stated that any substance that was similar to a Schedule I or Schedule II drug could be treated as if it was a schedule drug.This made it easier to prosecute those who produced and sold recreational psychoactive designer drugs.

Orphan Drug Act

encourages findings drug treatment for rare diseases

FDA Safety and Innovation Act of 2012

Establishes user fees to enhance access to medications and medical devices and made provisions for addressing drug product shortages in the United States