IB Literature SL 3 1-25 vocab


the stress given a syllable in pronunciation


a story in which people, things, and events have another meaning


the repetition of initial consonant sounds within a line of poetry


a reference, explicit or implicit, to something in previous literature or history


language that gives more than one meaning, that leaves uncertainty as to meaning, alternate meanings to words, and that gives several streams of thought from the same word


present when people have contradictory attitudes or emotions toward the same things or the person at the same time


a comparison of two things, alike in certain aspects; particularly a method of exposition by which one unfamiliar object or idea is explained by comparing it in certain of its similarities with other objects or ideas more familiar


the deliberate repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several successive verses, clauses, or paragraph


a short narrative detailing particulars of an interesting episode or event which differs from a short story in that, it lacks a complicated plot and is unified in its presentation of time and place elements and in its relation to a single episode


the character in fiction who stands directly opposed to the protagonist. The antagonist need not be a villain


a graceless, inept, sometimes stupid, or dishonest protagonist who is the opposite of a traditional hero


a figure of speech characterized by strongly contrasting words, clauses, sentences, or ideas; a balance of one term against another for impressiveness and emphasis


literature concerned with predicting the ultimate destiny of the world, imminent catastrophe, and final judgment on mankind


resemblance or similarity in sound between vowels followed by different consonants in two or more stressed syllables; its effect is more subtle than alliteration


a stylistic pattern in composition in which writing contains clauses without coordinating conjunctions (can occur with or without parataxis)


the prevailing tone or mood of a literary work, particularly—but not exclusively—when that mood is established in part by setting or landscape


new writings which show striking innovations in style, form, and subject matter; avant-garde literature makes a frontal and organized attack upon established literary traditions.

Blank verse

unrhymed iambic pentameter (ten syllables containing five stressed syllables, beginning with an unstressed syllable)


a harsh, unpleasant combination of sounds or tones. The hard c or k, the hard g, and the t and d, for example, when occurring close together are liable to produce a discordant effect.


a pause or break in the rhythmical progress of a line of poetry


the term is given to the accepted body of works by an author and more generally, to those works considered superior, central, or most worthy of study to a culture.


the creation of imaginary persons so credible that they exist for the reader as real within the limits of the fiction; may be accomplished through direct exposition, presentation of the character in action, or representation from within a character


an overused phrase that has lost its freshness (the body falling with a dull thud) or an overused situation (the rescue in the nick of time).


the turning point in the action, the place at which the rising action reverses and becomes the falling action. The point in the plot of the greatest excitement, intensity, or impressiveness


a word or phrase that is informal and used in ordinary or familiar conversation; slang