IB Literature SL 3 1-25 vocab

Accent

the stress given a syllable in pronunciation

Allegory

a story in which people, things, and events have another meaning

Alliteration

the repetition of initial consonant sounds within a line of poetry

Allusion

a reference, explicit or implicit, to something in previous literature or history

Ambiguity

language that gives more than one meaning, that leaves uncertainty as to meaning, alternate meanings to words, and that gives several streams of thought from the same word

Ambivalence

present when people have contradictory attitudes or emotions toward the same things or the person at the same time

Analogy

a comparison of two things, alike in certain aspects; particularly a method of exposition by which one unfamiliar object or idea is explained by comparing it in certain of its similarities with other objects or ideas more familiar

Anaphora

the deliberate repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several successive verses, clauses, or paragraph

Anecodote

a short narrative detailing particulars of an interesting episode or event which differs from a short story in that, it lacks a complicated plot and is unified in its presentation of time and place elements and in its relation to a single episode

Antagonist

the character in fiction who stands directly opposed to the protagonist. The antagonist need not be a villain

Anti-hero

a graceless, inept, sometimes stupid, or dishonest protagonist who is the opposite of a traditional hero

Antithesis

a figure of speech characterized by strongly contrasting words, clauses, sentences, or ideas; a balance of one term against another for impressiveness and emphasis

Apocalyptic

literature concerned with predicting the ultimate destiny of the world, imminent catastrophe, and final judgment on mankind

Assonance

resemblance or similarity in sound between vowels followed by different consonants in two or more stressed syllables; its effect is more subtle than alliteration

Asyndeton

a stylistic pattern in composition in which writing contains clauses without coordinating conjunctions (can occur with or without parataxis)

Atmosphere

the prevailing tone or mood of a literary work, particularly—but not exclusively—when that mood is established in part by setting or landscape

Avant-garde

new writings which show striking innovations in style, form, and subject matter; avant-garde literature makes a frontal and organized attack upon established literary traditions.

Blank verse

unrhymed iambic pentameter (ten syllables containing five stressed syllables, beginning with an unstressed syllable)

cacophony

a harsh, unpleasant combination of sounds or tones. The hard c or k, the hard g, and the t and d, for example, when occurring close together are liable to produce a discordant effect.

Caesura

a pause or break in the rhythmical progress of a line of poetry

Canon

the term is given to the accepted body of works by an author and more generally, to those works considered superior, central, or most worthy of study to a culture.

Characterization

the creation of imaginary persons so credible that they exist for the reader as real within the limits of the fiction; may be accomplished through direct exposition, presentation of the character in action, or representation from within a character

Cliché

an overused phrase that has lost its freshness (the body falling with a dull thud) or an overused situation (the rescue in the nick of time).

Climax

the turning point in the action, the place at which the rising action reverses and becomes the falling action. The point in the plot of the greatest excitement, intensity, or impressiveness

Colloquialism

a word or phrase that is informal and used in ordinary or familiar conversation; slang