Chapter 1 Government Terms


The group of people and agencies entrusted with making and carrying out laws and policies agreed upon by the larger population

Legislative Power

The power to make laws

Executive Power

The power to carry out laws

Judicial Power

The power to settle arguments and decide the meaning of laws


A plan for government


A person or small group of people ruling a country with total control


A form of government in which the people hold the power

Public Policy

The laws and goals that government follows or pursues


A group of people, living in a defined territory, having a government with absolute power within its territory to decide its own policies


The beginning of the Constitution that outlines the goals of the government


A government in which one person holds unlimited power


A government in which a small group of people hold unlimited political power

Federal Government

A form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments

Confederate Government

A form of government in which several sates join together for a common purpose

Unitary Government

A system of government that gives all key powers to the national or central government

Presidential Government

A form of government in which the executive and legislative branches are separate and equal

Parliamentary Government

A form of government in which the executive branch is made up of a prime minister and his or her cabinet and is part of legislature

Majority Rule

A belief that a majority will be just more often that it will be unjust


A settlement of differences in which each side gives up some of its demands


One who hold certain rights, duties, and responsibilities within a state

Free Enterprise System

System in which businesses are privately owned and operated with little government involvement