what are the most important elements of weather and climate that we measure?
temperature, humidity, cloudiness, precipitation(rain,snow), air pressure, wind speed and direction
water covers --- percent of the northern hemisphere
water covers --- percent of the southern hemisphere
cooling due to decrease in density
Lines joining places that have the same temperature
Ability of a surface to reflect light
bottom layer, temp decreases with altitude due to adiatic cooling, tropopause
second layer, temp increase at top due to ozone layer taking in UV radiation. statopause
3rd layer, least studied, mesopause, temp decreases. No well defined upper limit
exit to space,
altitude increases, pressure ---
Altitude decreases, pressure...
what causes seasons?
The tilt of the Earth's axis(changes by day) (axis inclined 23.5)
the earth is facing the -- at different angles each day
heat is transferred from ---
warmer to cooler objects
through molecular activity
mass kovement within a substance
velocity 300,000 k per second (fire)
throwing back by a body or surface of light without absorbing
reflection of light in all directions
the process or action by which one thing absorbs or is absorbed by another.
--- percent of radiation (visible light)is abosrbed by ground
MAP WITH LINES OF EQUAL TEMPERATURE
temps increase with an --- in latitude
temps are greatest over ---- ocations