Chapter 22- Toxicology


any substance whose chemical action can damage body structures or impair body function


poisonous substance produced by bacteria, animals, or plants that acts by changing the normal metabolism of the cells or destroying them

substance abuse

misuse of any substance to produce a desired effect. Using drugs for the side effects


common complication of substance abuse. when a patient takes a toxic dose of a substance.


over time, a person may need increasing amounts of a substance to achieve the same result. This is called developing a _______


type of narcotic medication used to relieve pain. (synthetic)


subset of the opioid family, and refers to natural non-synthetic opioid.

Sedative-Hypnotic Drugs

Barbiturates and benzodiaepines.CNS depressants.Alter lever of consciousness.

Commonly prescribed benzodiazepines


Hydrogen Sulfide

Highly toxic, colorless and flammable gas with a distinctive rotten-egg odor. Affects all organs but has most impact on the lungs and CNS.Used to commit suicide.


CNS stimulants that mimic the effects of the sympathetic nervous system.Produces an excited state

Synthetic Cathinones (bath salts)


Synthetic marijuana

spice" Refers to a variety of herbal incense or smoking blends that resemble THC and produce a similar high

CBD oil

cannabidiol"Made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant, then diluting it w a carrier oil like coconut or hemp seed oil. (does not contain THC)

Anticholinergic Agents

Meds that block the parasympathetic nerves, sympathetic nervous system goes into overdrive.

Cholinergic Agents


Salmonella bacterium

causes food poisoning. Characterized by severe GI symptoms within 72 hours of ingestion.