# History Quiz Sep. 1st

The Earth is divided into_______________.

Sections

Latitude lines are________________________________________________________________.

Lines that run east and west and measure north and south. (aka parallels)

Longitude lines are_____________________________________________________________.

Lines that run north and south and measure east and west. (aka meridians)

Latitude and Longitude also__________________________________________________.

Measure distance in degrees.

0 degrees longitude divides_________________________________________________.

Earth in half.

Each set has to set to start at_______________.

0 degrees.

0 latitude degrees = ___________.

Equator.

The Equator goes directly through______,_________.

0 degrees longitude = ___________________.

Prime Meridian.

The Prime Meridian goes through________,________.

Greenwich, England.

The Prime Meridian is on the "back side" of the_________________________________________________.

International Date Line.

The_______________and___________________________divides the Earth into hemispheres.

Equator and Prime Meridian.

The Equator creates the___________and_________hemispheres.

Northern and Southern.

The Equator affects__________.

Seasons.

The Prime Meridian creates the________________and_______________hemispheres.

Eastern and Western

The Prime Meridian affects the____________________.

Date and time.

The two Tropics are the Tropic of__________and the Tropic of________________.

Cancer and Capricorn.

The Tropic of Cancer is at__________.

23.5 degrees N.

The Tropic of Capricorn is at_________.

23.5 degrees S.

Earth rotates from ____________to____________.

West to East

90*S is the _________________________.

South Pole.

When geographers wrap a cylinder around Earth, touching at the equator and meridians no longer touch at poles, this is known as the_________________projection.

Cylindrical (Mercator)

When geographers place a cone over the globe and it is most accurate along longitude lines, this is known as the________________________projection.

Conic

When a plane is touching the globe at one point and distorts true shapes, but shows true area, this is known as the_________________________projection.

Flat-plane

How does projecting Earth on a flat plane cause distortion?

If you unfolded a sphere, it would not be a perfect rectangle. Geographers have to change the size of some things so that the globe can be projected on to a flat, rectangular paper.

How many time zones are on the main land USA?

4

How many times zones are there total in the USA?

6

How many time zones does Earth have in total?

24

How many degrees does Earth rotate every hour?

15

What's the time difference between the Prime Meridian and the International Date Line?

12 hours

What is Indiana's main time zone?

Eastern Time Zone

What is a legend?

A guide that explains what symbols on a map represent.

What is a compass rose?

This has arrows that point to all four principal directions on a map.

What is a scale?

This gives distance in miles and/or kilometers.

Which map shows governmental boundaries? (countries, states, counties, etc.)

Political

Which map shows what Earth's surface looks like?

Physical

Which map focuses on one specific topic other than Earth's surface and governmental boundaries?

Special Purpose Map

What is a compass?

A magnetized tool that helps the user know which direction they're headed.