World History Unit 1 Ancient Civilizations

Olmecs of Mesoamerica

(1400 B.C.E. to 500 B.C.E.) earliest known Mexican civilization,lived in rainforests along the Gulf of Mexico, developed calendar and constructed public buildings and temples, carried on trade with other groups.


The people who spread throughout Africa spreading agriculture, language, and iron.


Chinese philosopher (circa 551-478 BC)


A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms


A Hindu god considered the preserver of the world


In Hindu belief, a person's religious and moral duties


the creators of the first Mesopotamian civilization

Tigris & Euphrates

two rivers that form the outside border of Mesopotamia


An ancient Egyptian city; the site of the Great Pyramid

Shang dynasty

The Chinese dynasty that rose to power due to using bronze , war chariots, and a vast network of walled towns

Zhou Dynasty

the longest lasting Chinese dynasty, during which the use of iron was introduced.

Fertile Crescent

A geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

Huang He

a major river of Asia in northern China; Yellow River

Mandate of Heaven

the belief that the Chinese king's right to rule came from the gods


A Hindu god considered the creator of the world.


Chinese religion that believes the world is always changing and lacks absolute morality or meaning.

Filial Piety

In Confucian thought, one of the virtues to be cultivated, a love and respect for one's parents and ancestors.