MOD 1 vocab


The study of the structure of the body and its parts


The study of how the body parts function

Regional Anatomy

analysis of specific parts of the body

Gross Anatomy

the study of parts of the body that can be seen

Microscopic Anatomy

study of structures that must be seen through a microscope


the study of the development of a body from conception through the first eight weeks

comparative anatomy

anatomy of nonhuman species used to assist in the study of the human body

systemic anatomy

study of organ systems and their related functions

Organ System

A group of organs that work together to perform a specific funtion

Skeletal System

bones and their associated cartilage, joining and ligaments

digestive system

mouth, esophagus, stomach, etc. allows the body to break down and absorb nutrients and eliminate waste

integumentary system

skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and protects the body, regulates body temp, prevents water loss, and produce Vit D

Endocrine system

made up of glands and organs that secrete hormones to regulate body processes

Muscular System

muscles, allows the body to move and maintain posture, and internal organs to function


a group of tissues specialized for a particular function


groups of cells forming various building blocks of life

nervous tissue

ability to conduct electrical signals

connective tissues

bone, cartilage, deeper layer of skin between organs

epithelial tissue

outer layer of tissues that aid in protection, like skin


the basic unit of life


little organs


a state of dynamic equilibrium in the body with respect to its internal environment and its funtions

set point

the ideal normal value of a variable, determines the set point and signals a response to correct imbalances


a factor that causes one or more physiological variables to move away from its homeostatic point


a structure in the body that can change the value of a variable in response to a signal from the control center

control center

the part of the body, either central nervous system or endocrine gland, that receives info about a variable, determines the set point and corrects imbalances.

negative feedback mechanism

a control mechanism consisting of receptors, control center, and effectors through which homeostasis in the body is maintained by regulation of the body's organ systems