undesired change in air, water, or soil
The Tragedy of the Commons
describes conflicts associated with sharing resources
humans lived in tribes, using fires to maintain the prairie
characterized by high population growth rate, extreme poverty
plants and animals were domesticated, human populations grew
natural material formed at a much slower rate than it is depleted
characterized by high personal wealth, and high levels of consumption
the study of living things and their interaction with their nonliving environments
rate of resource use deletes resources and creates pollution an wastes
society shifted to fossil fuels
All of the following disciplines are major contributors to the field of environmental science EXCEPT
biology & earth sciencechemistry & physicssocial scienceLINGUISTICS & PHYSICS
Most of today's environmental problems began during which period(s).
hunter-gatherer periodAGRICULTURA REVOLUTIONIndustrial RevolutionBoth a and c
practice of growing, breeding, and caring for plants and animals used for a variety of purposes
study of how living things interact with each other and with their nonliving environments
The Tragedy of the Commons
conflict between short-terms interests of individuals and long-term welfare of society
loss of biodiversity
declining number and variety of the species in an area
study of how humans interact with the environment
supply and demand
law describing the relationship between an item's availability and its value
characterized by low population growth rate, high life expectancy, and diverse industrial economies
state in which a human population can survive indefinitely
natural material that can be replaced relatively quickly through natural processes
Which of the following sciences contribute to the field of environmental science?
physics & chemistrybiology & earth sciencesocial sciencesALL OF THE ABOVE
All of the following make up the 3 major categories of environmental problems EXCEPT
loss of biodiversityoverpopulationresource depletionPOLLUTION
During the "Tragedy of the Commons" period in history
human populations grew rapidly because of advances in farming methods
Which major changes in human society and the environment occurred during the Industrial Revolution?
Fossil fuel consumption, technological efficiency, and environmental pollution increased
What did hunter-gathered do to alter the environment?
introduce plant to new regionsoverhunt large mammalsburn prairies to maintain grasslandALL OF THE ABOVE
Developed nations make up what percent of the world's population?
Developed nations consume what percent of the world's resources?
Hardin's "Tragedy of the Commons" essay addressed the conflicts associated with which environmental challenge?
The ecological footprint for a person in a particular country takes into account what requirements of supporting that individual?
land used for cropsland taken by housingforest area that absorbs pollutionALL OF THE ABOVE
Attempts to create a sustainable society strive to achieve what?
greater resource consumption
A cost-benefit analysis balances the cost of an action against
what consumers and taxpayers are willing to pay
Environmental science is a study of which types of interactions between humans and the environment?
how humans use natural resourceshow human beings relate to the nonliving environmenthow human actions alter the environmentALL OF THE ABOVE
Which of the following is studied in environmental science?
impact of humans on the environment
Population growth in the 20th century accelerated which environmental stress(es)?
resource depletionpollutionhabitat destructionALL OF THE ABOVE
Why is the world's loss of biodiversity a source of concern?
Humans depend on other organisms for food and oxygen.
Using economic considerations of resource use, the law of supply and demand describes the...
relationship between the availability and the worth of resources.
Listing both the merits and expenses involved in implementing a particular environmental solution is an example of a...
Compared with their counterparts in developed countries, individuals in developing nations typically have a...
shorter life span
achieving a sustainable world is a goal that will depend on...
1)a higher standard of living in developing countries2)cooperation between governments, industry, and citizens