World Geography


the study of where people, places, and things are located and how they relate to each other


Computer technology to collect, manipulate, analyze and display data about Earths surface.

Geographic Concepts

1. Physical Characteristics 2. Physical Process, 3. CLimate s 4.Ecosystems 5.Patterns of settlement 6. Urbanization 7. Migration 8. Population Growth 9. Cultures 10. Global Trade Patterns 11. Natural Resources 12. Natural Hazards

Absolute Location

Position on the globe

Relative Location

Relation to the other places

Formal Region

An area in which certain characteristics are found commonly

Functional Region

Has a central place and is affected by it

Perceptional Region

Defined by peoples attitudes and emotions about where they are.


The movement of people to a new area with more resources.


center of the earth


placed around the core, a thick layer of rock, around 1,800 miles wide


rock surface layer, called the crust, is thin. The crust beneath the ocean is abt five miles wide

seafloor spreading

Suggests that molten rock rises beneath the underwater ridges and breaks through a split. THe rock then spreads out in 2 directions, spreading the ocean floor

Ring of FIre

A ring of volcanoes that surrounds the pacific ocean along the pacific plate


a flat area


THe breaking down of a rock at or near Earths surface

Chemical Weathering

alters rock makeup by changing the minerals that form the rock or combining with new ones


Movement of gravel, soil, sand, water, wind, and glaciers are the most common reasons.


Small parts of soil, sand, gravel. Works like sandpaper grinding away surface of rocks


Windblown deposits of mineral with dust and silt


Ridgelike piles of rock and debris left by glaciers