Word Learning

debauchery

corruption; self-indulgence (excessive indulgence in sensual pleasures)

indolence

avoidance of activity or exertion; laziness

studious

spending a lot of time studying or reading

endeavor

To attempt earnestly to achieve something

earnest

Serious and sincere

goad

To provoke or annoy someone to stimulate a reaction or action from them

volition

will; conscious choice

extrapolate

To form an opinion or reach a conclusion through reasoning and information

deadlock

a complete standstill; to bring to a standstill (a situation, typically involving opposing parties, in which no progress can be made)

rendezvous

meeting; meeting place

tryst

a secret romantic meeting between lovers

gregarious

outgoing; sociable; enjoying and seeking the company of others

Ectomorph

tall and skinny

stagnant

not moving or flowing; inactive; motionless

culminate

To reach a climax or point of highest development.

surreptitious

secret, stealthy

confligration

a large destructive fire

crux

main point; the heart of the matter; most important point

reprimand

to scold

fallacious

false; misleading; deceptive / Donald trump is very fallacious

Interpersonal

between people

facade

a deceptive outward appearance; a misrepresentation

malefactor

an evildoer; a person who does bad things; criminal

fad

something that is very popular for a short time, then forgotten (a phrase, person, etc)

clique

a small, exclusive group; a group held together by like interests or purpose

brusque

(adj.) abrupt, blunt, with no formalities

contempt

the feeling that a person or a thing is beneath consideration, worthless, or deserving scorn

disillusioned

disappointed in someone or something that one discovers to be less good than one had believed; disappointed

disinterested

unbiased; free from selfish motives

magnate

a wealthy, influential person; Elon musk

synergistic

working together

degrading

causing shame or disgrace; putting someone down; humiliating

dastardly

wicked and cruel

conquest

Capture or taking of something by force; dominate

subcontractor

One who has a contract with a main or prime contractor to perform a portion of the work.

outsource

obtain (goods or a service) from an outside or foreign supplier, especially in place of an internal source

gaffe

a clumsy social blunder; example: fart in public

solitude

the state of being alone

console

comfort; comfort (someone) at a time of grief or disappointment.

conjecture

A guess, opinion, or conclusion, often one based on inadequate or faulty evidence

avert

to turn away (Ex: averting eyes from something or someone)

deduction (n), deduce (v)

arrive at (a fact or a conclusion) by reasoning; draw as a logical conclusion; to reach a conclusion based on logic

charasmatic

exercising a compelling charm that inspires devotion in others

discretion

the quality of behaving or speaking in such a way as to avoid causing offense or revealing private information

opportunist

a person who exploits circumstances to gain immediate advantage rather than being guided by consistent principles or plans.

subtle, subtlety

(especially of a change or distinction) so delicate or precise as to be difficult to analyze or describe

prefecture

a district under the government under a larger government (Ex: Venice beach is a prefecture of Los Angeles)

deplorable

sad, pitiable

pleasantry/pleasantries

something people say in order to be polite in a conversation

compulsory

required; mandatory; obligated

sommelier

wine expert

frills / frilly

extra (usually subtly feminine) attachments or adornments to clothing or cloths (Ex: ruffles in a skirt)

Salvation

the act of being saved or saving (Ex: being trapped in a cave and hoping for salvation or being saved by therapist from being mentally not okay)

inconsolable

very sad; unable to be comforted

Meritocracy

government or the holding of power by people selected on the basis of their ability.

chagrin

brief embarrassment (can be visible)

platonic

(of love or friendship) intimate and affectionate but not sexual.

ascertain

to find out for certain

turmoil

a state of great confusion, emotion, and disorder

admonish

To warn or reprimand someone firmly

roundabout

indirect

plausible

seeming reasonable or probable

condescending

possessing an attitude of superiority and arrogance in word or behavior; having or showing a feeling of patronizing superiority

Zealous (Zeal)

: showing/having great energy or enthusiasm in pursuit of a cause or an objective

unprecedented

never done or known before

hallmark

a distinguishing mark (can be a logo, event, etc) of excellence

drivel

silly nonsense

misanthrope

a person who hates or dislikes humankind and avoids human society

mock

to make fun of

affirm

to declare to be true; to confirm

Anithesis (an-tith-e-sis)

a direct, exact opposite

Frivolous

of little importance, not worthy of serious attention

sanatorium

a hospital for recuperation or for the treatment of chronic diseases; a hospital for the mentally ill

Feudalism

a social system that existed in Europe during the Middle Ages in which people (peasants, knights, people lower than kings and nobles) worked and fought for nobles (higher-ups like kings) who gave them protection and the use of land in return

feudal

according to, resembling, or denoting the system of feudalism (Ex: President Trump's understanding of economics was based on feudal thinking)

objectionable

arousing disapproval; offensive (Ex: It is objectionable to curse in class and in school)

objectify

to treat someone or something as an object

troglodyte

a prehistoric cave dweller

feign

pretend to be affected by (a feeling, state, or injury) (Ex: Trump feigned his position in regard to defending the law)

Parliament

A body of representatives that makes laws for a nation (Ex: The U.S. Congress is what the U.K. calls a parliament)

Hyperbaton

Reversal of normal word order (as in 'cheese I love' instead of 'I love cheese')

Patriarchy

a system of society or government in which the father or eldest male is head of the family and descent is traced through the male line (Ex: Women believe that patriarchy is responsible for a great percentage of anti-abortion laws.)

patronize

treat with an apparent kindness that betrays a feeling of superiority; to condescend (Ex: The upperclassmen we're patronizing a freshman for getting into Lowell by lottery.)

arrogant

overbearingly assuming; insolently proud (Ex: The teacher arrogantly told the student he was stupid)

fervent

having or displaying a passionate intensity (Ex: He was fervent in his love for music)

zealot

a person who is fanatical and uncompromising in pursuit of their religious, political, or other ideals (Ex: Muslim zealots have taken over the government of Iran)

vivacious

lively, sprightly, full of energy (typically used of a woman)

antiquated

no longer used or useful; very old

Triad

any three things, people, or social groups in three's that are connected (Ex: three notes on a piano that is a chord, a triad of politicians)

insolent

boldly rude or disrespectful

conceited

having an overly high opinion of oneself or one's appearance

demerit

A mark for failure or bad conduct. (Ex: a demerit for not bringing in homework on time to class)

monolith

a large block of stone

orthodox

in agreement with established or generally accepted beliefs or ways of doing things; traditional

unorthodox

Contrary to what is usual, traditional, or accepted; not orthodox

abstain

to choose or refrain to not to do something

grovel

act in an obsequious manner in order to obtain someone's forgiveness or favor

abject

Lowly, miserable and wretched (Ex: The homeless people in San Francisco live in abject poverty)

obsequious

obedient or attentive to an excessive or servile degree

pretentious

attempting to impress by affecting greater importance, talent, culture, etc., than is actually possessed. (Ex: using a bunch of words beyond one's vocabulary; like using all of these words nonchalantly and often)

conspicuous

Easily seen or noticed

ostentatious

showy (Ex: displaying wealth, fancy clothes, etc.)

obtrusive

noticeable or prominent in an unwelcome or intrusive way (Ex: The pregnant woman's stomach was obtrusive)

tenacious

persistent, stubborn (Ex: He tenaciously hung on to his orthodox religious views)

censure

to criticize harshly; to express severe disapproval of (of someone or something), especially in a formal statement (Ex: Trump should have been censured by congress for his actions)

demoralized

having lost confidence or hope; disheartened

demoralize

to lower the spirits of; weaken the confidence or cheerfulness of

rigor

severe; difficult

rigorous

strict; harsh; severe

acclimate

to adapt to a new climate, environment, conditions or situation (Ex: He acclimated to India's humid weather after 7 months)

mire

(n.) mud; wet, swampy ground; a tough situation; (v.) to get stuck

Paradox

a self contradiction or dilemma that may prove to be true (Ex: a jumbo shrimp)

innate

existing from creation; natural (Ex: Some Supreme Court justices will not change the innate language of a constitution despite modern conditions)

Constitution

Political: the basic principles and laws of a nation, state, or social group that determine the powers and duties of the government and guarantee certain rights to the people in it. Physical: the structure, composition, physical makeup, or nature of something or someone(Ex: The constitution of America is the basis of the government's rule and our rights) (Ex2: His constitution after exercise was great; his constitution was great because of his diet.)

Creole

People: a person of mixed European and black descent, especially in the Caribbean.Language: a language formed front the contact of two through an earlier pidgin stage.(Ex: gumbo is creole cooking) (Ex: Their creole language sounded like pig Latin.)

inherently

in a permanent, essential, or characteristic way. (Ex: It was inherently obvious they left out women in the constitution when they said all men are equal.)

anachronistic

misplaced in time (Ex: a Ford Mustang in the 1940s)

alluring

tempting; fascinating; charming; attractive; seductive; sensual

reconcile

to resolve

reconnaissance

exploration to gain knowledge or information

impromptu

done without being planned, organized, or rehearsed; done without preparation; spontaneous

dichotomy

a division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different (Ex: the dichotomy between men and women is shrinking in American society)

vasectomy

removal of a segment of the "vas deferens" to interfere with delivery of sperm to the vagina (not being able to reproduce, stops the sperm from delivering) in the male

rhinoplasty

plastic surgery of the nose; nose job

aneurysm

Blood clot; bulge in a blood vessel (brain aneurysm is a stroke)

exacerbate

to make worse or more severe

myopic

(adj.) nearsighted; lacking a broad, realistic view of a situation; lacking foresight or discernment; shortsighted

foresight

the ability to predict or the action of predicting what will happen

sacrosanct

sacred, holy; regarded as too important or valuable to be interfered with. (Ex: The American constitution is sacrosanct to many conservative politicians in American)

hedonism

the pursuit of pleasure; sensual self indulgence

jingoism

extreme patriotism

Patriotism

over zealotry in the devotion to one's country

cyncism

a questioning of belief (a given statement, position, attitude, religion, thought, feeling, etc.); questioning of validity; skepticism

Utilitarianism

the idea that actions/thoughts are right if they are useful or for the benefit of a majority

altruism

unselfish concern for the welfare of others; selflessness; generosity

Pacifism

the belief that any violence, including war, is unjustifiable under any circumstances, and that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means.

Familism

social structure where the needs of the family are more important and take precedence over the needs of any of the family members

Casteism

a theory wherein a person chooses and adheres to the teachings and principles of a particular caste. They also hold prejudice or discriminate on the grounds of a caste.

Taboo

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unhinged

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susceptible

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deragatory

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deranged

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flagrant

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Metacognition

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cognition

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ubiquitous

present or existing everywhere (Celebrities are ubiquitous)

pivitol

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Autocracy

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Authoritarianism

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fatalism

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manifesto

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preponderance

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Primacy

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Totalitarianism

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cacophony

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denizen

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desultory

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classist

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Ayatollah

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emasculate

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menagerie

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sustanence

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eroneous

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