DHO Vocabulary & Key Terms

alternative therapies

method of treatment used in place of biomedical therapies

Complentary therapies

Methods of treatment used in conjunction with conventional medical therapies

cost containment

methods used to control the cost of healthcare

Diagnostic Related Groups (DRGs)

one way congress is trying to control costs for government insurance plans such as medicare and medicaid

energy conservation

the practice of finding ways to use less energy or to use energy more efficiently

Geriatric Healthcare

care for the elderly

holistic health care

care that promotes physical, emotional, social, intellectual, and spiritual well-being


an overall state of well-being or total health

home health care

care that takes place in a person's home


Involves the use of video, audio, and computer systems to provide medical and/or health care services.

integrative health care

a form of health care that uses both mainstream medical treatments and complementary and alternative therapies to treat a patient


Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population.

Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA)

law passed by the federal government that includes minimum standards for nursing assistant training, staffing requirements, resident assessment instructions, and information on rights for residents


a patient who receives medical treatment without being admitted to a hospital.