Elements of Drama


a play; a story written to be performed by actors on a stage..


The lines of text the characters speak out loud in the play.


The main parts of the play, like chapters in a book.


A smaller section of the play. The scene changes when the setting changes.


the author/writer of a play


The text of the play. It consists of two important parts: dialogue and stage directions.

stage directions

Instructions for the actors. They tell actors where to go on the stage, how to move, and how to say their lines. They are printed in italics or are enclosed in parenthesis ( ) or inside brackets [ ].


Are the objects in a play that are used to help characters and scenery appear realistic.

Cast of Characters

The list of characters at the beginning of the play tells who will be appearing in the play and their roles.


The people involved in the portrayal of characters. Actors help the action/plot move forward. Examples include: Protagonist and Antagonist


Where and when the play takes place.


Just like fiction, plays have exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.

Point of View

Dramas are almost always written in third person objective which means we the audience get to know the characters in two ways: through what they say and what they do.


The spectators or listeners assembled at a performance.


The main character; Acton, revolves around him/her ' usually experience a conflict and is often considered the hero


A character who opposes the protagonist; is often the villain or bad guy


The struggle or clash between opposing characters or forces