Science-TheChemistryOfLife

Proton

positively charged particle

Neutron

neutral charge

Electron

negatively charged particle

chemical bond

the force that holds two atoms together

covalent bond

when two atoms share one or more pairs of electrons

Isotope

Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neutrons

Ion

An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative charge.

Organic Chemistry

the study of all chemicals containing carbon

Carbon

makes things organic

Carbohydrates

sugars, starches, cellulose, and chitin

Lipids

fats, oils, phospholipids, some hormones

Proteins

enzymes, structural proteins, hormones

Nucleic Acids

DNA, RNA, deoxyribonucleic acid, and ribonucleic acid

monosaccharides

single sugars

disaccharides

double sugars