geography Ch .1 mr.zchain

map

A two-dimensional, or flat, representation of Earth

Geographic Information system

a computer- based system for creating map and analyzing patterns

absolute location

the exact place on earth where a place is located

relative location

where a place is located in relation to another place

continent

A large landmass on Earth's surface

prime meridian

the center line of longitude that runs through Green-which England

latitude

imaginary lines that run east to west, parallel to the equator

equator

The center line (0 degrees) latitude

longitude

Imaginary line that run from the North pole to the south pole

Global positioning system (GPS)

a satellite system used to find absolute location

elebation

The height of land above sea level

spatial thinking

thinking about the space on Earth's surface

scale

shows how much distance on Earth is shown on a map

relief

the change in elevation from one place to another

hemisphere

half of the earth

projection

a way of showing the round Earth on a flat map

globe

a thee-dimensional, or spherical, representation of Earth

cartographer

a mapmaker

region

a group of places with common traits

terrace

a flat surface that is built into a hillside