ICP Chapter 1

Science

A way of learning or describing the natural world

Chemistry

The study of matter

Matter

Anything that has mass and volume

Physics

The study of energy

Energy

The ability to move or change matter

Biology

The study of living things

Geology

The study of Earth

Astronomy

The study of space

Anatomy

The study of the location of body parts

Physiology

The study of what the parts of the body do (their function)

Ecology

The study of the environment

Scientific Method

A logical way of solving problems

Research

Gathering information about a topic/problem

Hypothesis

An educated guess about a topic/problem

Experiment

Testing a hypothesis

Theory

An idea that has evidence to support it...but no proof

Scientific Law

An idea that has been proven

Control Group

A group of things within an experiment in which all the conditions remain the same

Experimental Group

A group of things within an experiment in which one condition is changed

Variable

The one/condition that is changed in an experiment

Reliability

A measure of the accuracy of the results of an experiment

Direct Proportion

Relationship between 2 variables in which they change in the same way as the other

Inverse Proportion

Relationship between 2 variables in which they change the opposite way as the other