HUM 121 Philippine Literature


Made up of one or more measured lines with rhymes and may consist of 4 to 12 syllables and it showcases the Filipino wit, literary talent, and keen observation of the surroundings.


Short poems that have customarily been used and served as laws or rules on good behavior by ancestors. Usually, the work imparts lessons for the young ones.

Chants (Bulong)

used in witchcraft and enchantments


derived from Philippine folk literature, which is the traditional oral literature of the Filipino people. This refers to a wide range of material due to the ethnic mix of the Philippines.

Folk Songs

a form of folk lyric which expresses the people's hopes, aspirations, and lifestyles.


a series of heroic achievements, usually a hero, is dealt with at length.