climate change and 2040

climate change

a change in global climate patterns- in this context brought about by human's use of fossil fuels

fossil fuels

Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient remains of plants and animals.

Regenerative Agriculture

An approach to food and farming systems that regenerates topsoil and increases biodiversity now and long into the future

Doughnut Economy

A society where a lot of people are stuck in the hole of a 'doughnut' where they don't have access to services like energy, education and health care.

Micro Solar grid

The Micro solar grid is a renewable energy system that acts independently of the main grid, although can also integrate and interact with the main grid when it wishes.

Marine Permaculture

The ocean farming of kelp and seaweeds to counteract ocean acidification, climate change and loss of biodiversity.

Electric Shared vehicles

A Electric vehicle shared with other people for a period of time to lower carbon emissions around the world.

Seaweed Farming

man made farms used to make a mass amount of seaweed

Sequester Carbon

long-term storage of carbon dioxide or other forms of carbon to either mitigate or defer global warming and avoid dangerous climate change

Circular economy

A circular economy is an alternative to a traditional linear economy (make, use, dispose) in which we keep resources in use for as long as possible, extract the maximum value from them whilst in use, then recover and regenerate products and materials at the end of each service life.

Industrial revolution

The transition to manufacturing processes, which lasted from 1760 to 1840. The manufacturing processes included coal burning the release of gasses.

bio fuel

a fuel derived immediately from living matter

draw down

the planting of trees, seaweed, etc, to get greenhouse gasses out of the atmosphere

greenhouse gas emissions

Gases formed by human activity, including industry, that trap heat in the atmosphere and lead to climate change. In new Zealand our main greenhouse gases are co2 and methane.


The more people the more pollution


The fastest growing plant on the planet. Grows in the sea and useful to combat climate change as it can be used as food, as animal feed, turned into a bio-fuel and as a "carbon sink" (sucks up carbon)


A colour-less odourless and highly flammable gas that heats up the Earth much faster than CO2.

Tangata whenua

Original inhabitants of Aotearoa New Zealand (Māori)

Emissions Trading Scheme

regulates the buying and selling of permits to emit greenhouse gases. A permit allows emissions up to a prescribed cap or limit. Large emitters either choose to buy extra permits or invest in technologies that control emissions. If limits are exceeded, penalties are imposed.

Resource Management Act

A NZ law passed in 1991 that seeks to protect NZ's natural resources


Earth Mother


guardianship, especially of the natural environment


Negotiation between nations


the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat or ecosystem.

Carbon Sink

Natural things that absorb carbon from the atmosphere.