Multigenerational Family Therapy FULL

Who is involved in treatment?

individual family members, couples, entire family, or combinations of these.

What is the treatment duration?

Long term and can last several years.

What are the goals of therapy?

Working through underlying processes and conflict that increase or fuel symptoms (i.e. decrease anxiety and increase levels of differentiation).

What two processes fuel symptoms?

Low levels of self-differentiation and chronic anxiety

What are the three primary phases of this model?

Assessment, Genogram, and Differentiation

What is the assessment phase?

History taking, assess for patterns of togetherness and individuality by exploring family of origin, triangles, and levels of differentiation.

What is the genogram phase?

Therapist and client construct a genogram (aka family diagram).

What is the differentiation phase?

Focus is on reducing anxiety and increasing differentiation of as many family members as possible.

What does assessment look like within this model?

History taking going back several generations. This can be done as part of the genogram for assessment or prior to the genogram as an intervention

What does diagnosis look like within this model?

Non-pathologizing and has a systemic focus on presenting problems.

Who is the primary contributor?

Murray Bowen

Which is Multigenerational Family Therapy also known as?

Bowen Family Systems Approach

What class of therapy is BFS?

Transgenerational Model (i.e. it applies psychoanalytic theory while recognizing past generations in relation to individual and nuclear family treatment).

What is the essential them of BFS?

Conflict between individuality and togetherness.

What are the two psychological capacities that Bowen believes we all have?

Cognitive capacity and affective capacity

What is cognitive capacity?

the capacity to realize our creative, individual potential to do tasks that are needed for survival and enhancement.

What is cognitive capacity rooted in?

Individuality. It is none reactive and represents reaching our creative potential. Objectively experienced.

What is affective capacity?

It is more reactive and driven toward our ability to communicate and connect with others.

What is affective capacity rooted in?

Rooted in togetherness. It is subjectively experienced, and is more emotionally reactive.

What does Bowen suggest our primary challenge is?

Finding the balance between individuality and togetherness. This challenge exists on multiple systemic levels (i.e. individual, families, societies, etc.)