GRE Vocab - Week 2 (100 words)

artless (adj.)

Free of deceit or craftiness, natural, genuine; lacking skill or knowledge, crude, uncultured (lack of artificiality)

ascertain (v.)

to find out with certainty

ascetic (adj., n.) (also: asceticism (n.))

abstinent or austere in lifestyle (adj.);a person who leads an austere and simple life without material pleasures, esp. someone who does this for religious reasons

assuage (v.)

to make milder, relieve; soothe, pacify, or calm

audacious (adj.)

very bold or brave, often in a rude or reckless way; extremely original

augment (v.)

to make larger

austere (adj.) (also: austerity (n.))

Severe in manner or appearance; very self-disciplined, ascetic; without luxury or ease; sober or serious

autonomous (adj.) (also: autonomy (n.))

self-governing; independent

aver (v.)

to declare or affirm with confidence

avid (adj.) (also: avidity (n.))

enthusiastic, dedicated, passionate; excessively delirious

balk (v.)

to refuse to proceed or to do something

base (adj.)

morally low, mean, dishonorable; of little or no value; crude and unrefined; counterfeit

belie (v.)

to contradict or misrepresent

benign (adj.) (also: benignant (adj.))

harmless, favorable; kindly, gentle, or beneficial; not cancerous

bogus (adj.)

fake, fradulent

bolster (v.)

to strengthen or support

boor (n.) (also: boorish (adj.))

rude, ill-mannered, or insensitive person; a peasant or country bumpkin

bureaucracy (n.)(also: bureaucratic (adj.), bureaucrat (n.))

government characterized by many bureaus and petty administrators or by excessive, seemingly meaningless requirements

burgeon (v.)

to grow or flourish rapidly; put forth buds or shoots (of a plant)

buttress (v., n.)

to support or encourage (v.);a support or prop, esp. projecting from and supporting the wall of a building (n.)

bygone (adj., n.)

past, former (adj.);that which is in the past (usually plural noun)

cacophony (n.)(also: cacophonous (adj.))

harsh, discordant, or meaningless mixture of sounds

candid (adj.)(also: candor (n.))

open, sincere, honest

canonical (adj.)(also: the canon (n.))

authorized, recognized; pertaining to the canon, or body of accepted rules, standards, or artistic works

capricious (adj.)(also: caprice (n.))

Acting on impulse, erratic

cartography (n.)

mapmaking

castigate (v.)

to criticize severely; punish in order to correct

catalyst (n.)

causer of change

caustic (adj.)

capable of corroding metal or burning the skin; very critical or sarcastic

censure (n., v.)

Strong disapproval or official reprimand (noun;To issue such disapproval or reprimand (verb)

chauvinism (n.)(also: chauvinist (n.), chauvinistic (adj.))

fanatical patriotism or blind enthusiasm for military glory; undue or biased devotion to any group, cause, etc.

chronological (adj.)

arranged in or relating to time order

clamor (v.)

noisy uproar or protest, as from a crowd; a loud, continuous noise

clinch (v.)

to make final or settle conclusively; to fasten or hold together

coalesce (v.)

to come together, unite; fuse together

cogent (adj.)

very convincing, logical

commensurate (adj.)

the same in size, extent, etc., equivalent; proportional

complacent (adj.)

self-satisfied, smug; overly content (and therefore lazy, neglectful, etc.)

complementary (adj.)

completing, fitting together well; filling mutual needs

compliant (adj.)

obeying, submissive; following the requirements

concede (v.)(also: concession (n.))

to give in, admit, yield; acknowledge reluctantly; grant or give up (such as giving up land after losing a war)

conciliatory (adj.)

reconciling, appeasing, attempting to make the peace

concur (v.)

to approve or agree

condone (v.)

to overlook, tolerate, or regard as harmless

confer (v.)

to consult, compare views; bestow or give

connoisseur (n.)

expert, especially in the fine arts; person of educated, refined tastes

console (v., n.)

to lessen the suffering or grief of (v.);a control panel, or small table or cabinet (n.)

consolidate (v.)

to unite, combine, solidify, or to make coherent

constrict (v.)

to squeeze, compress; restrict the freedom of

construe (v.)

to interpret or translate

contentious (adj.)(also: contend (v.), contention (n.))

controversial; prone to causing arguments, especially gratuitous or petty ones

contextualize (v.)

to place in context, such as by giving the background or circumstances

conundrum (n.)

riddle, the answer to which involves a play on words; any mystery

converge (v.)

to move towards one another or towards a point; unite

conversant (adj.)

knowledgeable about or experienced with

conversely (adv.)

in an opposite way; on the other hand

convoluted (adj.)

twisted; very complicated

copious (adj.)

plentiful, bountiful

corroborate (v.)

to support, add evidence to

cosmopolitan (adj.)(also: cosmopolite (n.))

belonging to the entire world, at home globally; free from local or national prejudices or attachments

countenance (n., v.)

facial expression or face (n.);to approve or tolerate (v.)

counterintuitive (adj.)

against what one would intuitively expect

counterpoint (n.)

contrasting item, opposite; a complement; the use of contrast or interplay in a work of art

counterproductive (adj.)

defeating the purpose; preventing the intended goal

covert (adj.)

secret, veiled, undercover

crafty (adj.)

cunning, skillful in deception or underhanded schemes

craven (adj.)

very cowardly, lacking courage

credibility (n.)

believability, trustworthiness

credulous (adj.)

gullible; prone to believing or trusting too easily or without enough evidence

crescendo (n.)

steady increase in force, intensity, or the loudness of a musical passage; a climactic moment or peak

culminate (v.)(also: culmination (n.))

to reach the highest point or final stage

cynical (adj.)

thinking the worst of others' motivations; bitterly pessimistic

daunt (v.)(also: undaunted, dauntless (adj.))

to discourage, dishearten

debase (v.)(also: debased (adj.))

to degrade; lower in quality, value, rank, etc.; lower in moral quality

debunk (v.)

to expose, ridicule, or disprove false or exaggerated claims

decorous (adj.)(also: decorum (n.))

behaving with propriety and good taste; polite

deem (v.)

to judge, consider

deface (v.)

to vandalize, mar the appearance of

defamatory (adj.)(also: defame (v.))

slanderous, injurious to someone's reputation

default (n., v.)

failure to act, neglect (n.);fail to fulfill an obligation, especially a financial one (v.)

deference (n.)(also: defer (v.))

respectful submission; yielding to the authority or opinion of another

deflect (v.)

cause to curve; turn aside, esp. from a straight course; avoid

deleterious (adj.)

harmful, unhealthful

delineate (v.)

to mark the outline of; sketch; describe in detail

denigrate (v.)

to belittle, attack the reputation of

denote (v.)(also: denotation (n.))

to be a name or symbol for

deride (v.)

to mock, scoff at, or laugh at contemptuously

derivative (adj.)

derived from something else; not original

desiccate (v.)(also: desiccated (adj.))

thoroughly dried up, dehydrated

detached (adj.)

impartial, disinterested; unconcerned, distant, aloof

deterrent (n.)

something that restrains or discourages

diatribe (n.)

a bitter, abusive attack or criticism; rant

didactic (adj.)

intended to instruct; teaching, or teaching a moral lesson

digress (v.)(also: digression (n.))

to go off-topic when speaking or writing

din (n.)

a loud, confused noise, esp. for a long period of time

disabuse (v.)

to free someone from a mistake in thinking

discerning (adj.)

having good judgment or insight; able to distinguish mentally

discredit (adj.)

to injure the reputation of, destroy credibility of or confidence in

discrepancy (n.)(also: discrepant (adj.))

difference or inconsistency

discriminating (adj.)

judicious, discerning, having good judgment or insight