Becoming a world power section 1

the pressure to expand

industrial powerhouse with a bombing population american turned its focus on becoming a world power at the turn of the century

imperialism

stronger nations dominate and control weaker ones in attempt to create an empire

British empire "The sun never sets on the british empire.

The empire was scattered around the world and because of that, it was daytime somewhere

Why imperialism grew

In the late 1800s because of economic factors, military factors, and humanitarian factors.

economic factors

need for resources

nationalistic factors

feelings of national superiority

military factors

navies needed bases for fuel and supplies

humanitarian factors

western civilizations often thought it was duty to spread their culture, law and religion to other countries

george washingtons advice

in his farewell adress in 1796 george washington warned americans to advoid foreign conflicts and entaglements and to steer clear of permanent alliances/ These values molded early america and for the next 100 years

monroe doctrine

declared the U.S netural in all European powers not to interfere with northern or southern America

manifest destiny

the US showed early glimpeses of its own imperialism. It was the destiny of the US to control atlantic to the pacific oceans

Arguments for US expansion

by the 1890s many Americans argued for increased involvement in international affairs, despite the us history of isolationism

economic growth

rapid industrial growth created an over production of foods and goods

Banana Republic

a small country (especially in Central America) that is politically unstable and whose economy is dominated by foreign companies and depends on one export (such as bananas)

Protecting american security

the us navy was used for inferior to that of european powers, many argued for s larger more modern navy. A powerful navy is not only allowed for the possibility of imperilism but also created a new need for naval bases around the world.

expansion

overtime, these various arguments gained traction throughout the country and within government and the united states begain to move towards forign involvement and expanison

new frontiers

some believed that america needed a new fronteir since they had already expanded the whole way to the pacific ocean. They challange of a new frontier, they argued, created energy and passion on which the country thrived, still others cited darwinism to justify taking over new territories survival of the fittest

spread Western civilization

Missionaries, doctors, and colonial officials believed that they had a duty to spread modern civilizations and Christianity to heathens or savage people around the world

whits mans burden

written by Rudyard Kipling assumed the racial supremacy of whites and cant to embody the noble justifications of imperialism