Near East and Egypt Vocab

Amarna Period

It is characterized by a sense of movement and activity in images, with figures having raised heads, many figures overlapping and many scenes busy and crowded. Also, the human body is depicted more accurately as opposed to past glorification of pharaohs via preferable portrayal.

Ankh

an Egyptian symbol of life

Apadana

an audience hall in a Persian palace

Axial Plan

a building with an elongated ground plan

Canon

an established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature

Cuneiform

A form of writing developed by the Sumerians using a wedge shaped stylus and clay tablets.

Fertile Crescent

A geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates

Hierarchy of scale

An artistic convention in which greater size indicates greater importance.

Hieroglyphics

An ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds

Hypostyle

a hall with a roof supported by columns

Ka

In ancient Egypt, the immortal human life force.

Lammasu

a colossal winged human-headed bull in Assyrian art

Lower Egypt

The northern part of ancient Egypt

Mastaba

an ancient Egyptian mudbrick tomb with a rectangular base and sloping sides and flat roof

Necropolis

a cemetery, especially a large one belonging to an ancient city.

Papyrus

A long-lasting, paper-like material made from reeds

Relief Sculpture

Sculpture that projects from a flat background

Register

to record or enroll

Sunken Relief

a carving in which the outlines of figures are deeply carved into a surface so that the figures seem to project forward

Upper Egypt

the southern part of ancient Egypt

Votive

Done in fulfillment of a vow or pledge

Veneer

thin covering

Ziggurat

A pyramid shaped temple tower