AP Music Final Review

conjunct motion

stepwise motion

disjunct motion

leaps (skipping notes)

diminution

lessening; reduction in size; such as making a passage of long-duration notes and make them shorter with the same melody

hemiola

a shift of the rhythmic pulse from a division of 2 to a division of 3 (3/4 -> 6/8... etc.)

compound interval

an interval larger than an octave (9th, etc.)

closely related keys

two keys that have similar amount of sharps or flats (ex. Eb major and Ab major); they are usually next to each other on the circle of fifths

anacrusis

pick up note; emphasis on the first note

syncopation

temporary irregularity in musical rhythm

homophonic

Melody with accompaniment

heterophony

multiple voices elaborating the same melody at the same time

polyphonic

multi-melodic

countermelody

An accompanying melody sounded against the principal melody.

ostinato

A repeated pattern

canon

first melody is played and then imitations of it follows

walking bass

a bass line that is played on each beat in a step-wise fashion

alberti bass

1 5 3 5 fingering for the bass line

motivic transposition

the changing of a short melody in length or any variation to make a piece more interesting