Civics quiz. 1

power

The ability to cause others to behave as they might not otherwise choose to do

Government

Institutions and officials organized to establish and carry out public policy

Politics

The process and method of making decisions for groups. Although generally applied to governments, it is also observed in all human interactions.

nation-state

An independent state, especially one in which the people share a common culture. In this state, people have a sense of belonging to one country, even if they have different ethnic backgrounds.

Sovereignty

The right to exercise supreme authority over a geographic region, a group of people, or oneself

Democracy

A system of government in which citizens exercise supreme power, acting either directly on their own or through elected representatives

Dictatorship

A system of government in which a single person or group exercises supreme power by controlling the military and police

Republic

A nation in which supreme power rests with the citizens and is exercised by their elected representatives

Horse Trading(Political Game)

Winning by Giving to GetClassic American businessObjective: "win win" situationStrategy: give up opponent's wants for greater valueMissouri Compromise

walkout

Similar to horse-tradingInstead of giving, take themselves awayStrategy: leave & refuse to return until the opponent succumbsgame used lots by labor unionsCesar Chavez

power surge (political game)

Winning by Being Smarter and StrongerPower Struggle: A game played by people with different goalsNiccol├│ Machiavelli studied power struggles and determined the way to win them

Demolition Derby

political game that powerful people playThe game is won by wiping out your opponentTactics range from intimidation to massacrePeople who can play game most effectively: military leaders, monarchs and dictators.

Civil Disobedience

Winning by Shaming the OppositionOrdinary citizens against violence for the moral high ground

Monarchy

A government ruled by a king or queen

Presidential Democracy

A form of government in which the citizens directly elect a president

Parliamentary Democracy

A democracy in which parliament chooses the government.

Theocracy

A government controlled by religious leaders

single-party state

a country in which one political party controls the government

Direct Democracy

A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives

Unitary

A nation-state that has a centralized government and administration that exercises power equally over all parts of the state

federal

A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments

confederal

a system of government where power is located with the independent states and there is little power in the central government

Traditional Economy

An economy in which production is based on customs and traditions and economic roles are typically passed down from one generation to the next.

free market economy

an economic system in which decisions on the three key economic questions are based on voluntary exchange in markets

command economy

An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.

mixed economy

An economy in which private enterprise exists in combination with a considerable amount of government regulation and promotion.