US History ch. 1

Marco Polo

Went to china and other parts of Asia, told a prisoner abt his adventures

Ferdinand Magellan

Sailed from sail with 270 men and five ship... 3yrs later 18 crew members

Hernado Cortes

Disobeyed governor of Cuba; conquer strongest Indian in Mexico

Queen Elizabeth

English queen and Virginia was named

John Cabot

Found Newfoundland to find china and known as different name

Christopher Columbus

Sailed to reach Japan, but he mistakenly discovered the Americas in 1492 while searching for a faster route to India.

Sir Francis Drake

English sea dog. Spanish pirate

Juan Ponce de Leon

First to explore Florida peninsula in 1513

Amerigo Vespucci

German mapmaker names of the New World after Columbus

Francisco de Coronado

Searching for seven cities of gold, found Grand Canyon

Vasco da Gama

Cargo of spices worthy 60x and was sailing to India

Sir Walter Raleigh

To attempt to colonize the New World an area called Virginia to honor English queen

Hernando de Soto

Landed Tampa Bay, travel North Carolina, discovered Mississippi River

Philip II

King whose armada who defeated By English

Bartolomeu Dias

First European to round the Southern Cape of Africa

The age of exploration

Rooted new technologies and ideas coming out of the Renaissance

Mercantilism

Economic system warehouse was measured by how much gold in possession each colony produced

Compass

Help sailors no direction where they were headed

Astrolabe

Instrument to determine ships latitude on the ocean

Caravel

Portuguese sailing vessel

Circumnavigate

to sail around

Protestant Reformation

Movement pressed for changes in Roman church and society

Bering Strait

Narrow waterway between Russia and Alaska

The pueblos

North American Indians Who lived in small villages called clans

Mount Builders

Midwest Indians built The large mounds

Eastern woodlands Indians

First Indians that settled the New World

St. Augustine

Oldest permanent city settled by Europeans in the United States

Roanoke Island

Second settlement known as last colony

Three main reasons Catholic and protestant started to kill each other

1. State/church were vitally connected2. Religious tolerance was nearly nonexistent3. Religious war fueled by political ambitions of king of Europe