Types of Governments


is a government in which one person has all the power


A king or a queen rules the country and is called a monarch


is a form of government where one leader has absolute control over citizens lives


A small group of people hold all the power


A political system in which citizens hold political power

Representative Democracy

A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.

Direct Democracy

There are no representatives. Citizens are directly involved in the day-to-day work of governing the country.


(n) a lack of government and law; confusion


a government that recognizes God or a divine being as the ultimate authority

State of Nature

The basis of natural rights philosophy; a state of nature is the condition of people living in a situation without man-made government, rules, or laws.

Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan

Believes that humans were naturally selfish and wicked, and governments were needed to keep order and rulers needs absolute power to keep citizens under control.

John Locke, Second Treatise of Government

He wrote that all human beings have a right to life, liberty, and property and that governments exist to protect those rights. He rejected the theory of the Divine Right of the monarchy, and believed that government was based upon a "social contract" that existed between a government and its people. If the government failed to uphold its end of the contract by protecting those rights, the people could rebel and institute a new government.


The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies


Central government has all the power


power is shared between central and local governments


local government has the power

Legislative Branch

the branch of government that makes the laws

Executive Branch

the branch of government that carries out laws

Judicial Branch

the branch of government that interprets laws