chapter 1

primary source

A document or physical object which was written or created during the time of the event.

secondary source

a document or written work created after an event

age of exploration

the period of time, beginning in the late 1400s, in which European explorers sought new routes to Asia and discovered the Americas

christopher columbus

Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)

columbian exchange

The exchange of goods and ideas between Native Americans and Europeans

the 3 G's

God, Gold, Glory


A native Indian of America, daughter of Chief Powahatan, who was one of the first to marry an Englishman, John Rolfe, and return to England with him; about 1595-1617; Pocahontas' brave actions in saving an Englishman paved the way for many positive English and Native relations.


The first permanent English settlement in North America, found in East Virginia


Indian chief and founder of the Powhatan confederacy of tribes in eastern Virginia

john smith

English explorer who helped found the colony at Jamestown, Virginia

John Rolfe

Married Pocahontas