Chapter 1

primary source

A document or physical object which was written or created during the time of the event

secondary source

a document or written work created after an event

Age of Exploration

the period of time, beginning in the late 1400s, in which European explorers sought new routes to Asia and discovered the Americas

Christopher Columbus

Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)

Columbian Exchnage

The global transfer of food, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas

The 3 G's

Gold, Glory, God


a Powhatan woman (the daughter of Powhatan) who befriended the English at Jamestown and is said to have saved Captain John Smith's life (1595-1617)


The first permanent English settlement in North America, found in East Virginia


Indian chief and founder of the Powhatan confederacy of tribes in eastern Virginia

John Smith

English explorer who helped found the colony at Jamestown, Virginia

John Rolfe

Jamestown colony leader who showed that tobacco could be grown successfully in Virginia