Psychology Ch. 1 & 2

Goals of Psychology

describe, explain, predict, influence

who created the first psychology lab?

Wilhelm Wundt

16th-18th Centuries were called the Age of ___



the concept that the mind and body are separate and distinct


Random- A randomly selected group chosen for the purpose of collecting dataStratified- ensures subgroups of a population are accurately represented

Physiological behavior

Sleep and hunger, observable

Cognitive behavior

Private mental thoughts

Rene Descartes

Believed there was a link between mind and body. He believed the mind controlled the body's movements, sensations, and perceptions.

Naturalistic observation

Watching humans and/ or animals without disturbance.

Case studies

intensive study of a person/ group by observing diaries, tests, interviews


Gather data from large number easily which decreases the chance of outside influences

longitudinal study

group of people and studied at regular intervals over a long time

cross-sectional study

data is collected about differing groups so it can be compared.


How 2 sets of data compare1) Positive 2) Negative

self-fulfilling prophecy

a belief that leads to its own fulfillment

placebo effect

a change based on the patient's knowledge and perception of treatment

Single-blind experiment

participants are unaware of which participants received the treatment

Double-blind experiment

an experiment in which neither the experimenter nor the participants know which participants received which treatment


medicine related, can prescribe and operate

clinical psychologist

helps people deal with personal problems (therapist)

counseling psychologists

advise and assist people with problems of everyday life

dvelopmental psychology

studies physical, emotional, cognitive, and social changes

educational psychology

helping students learn

community psychology

helps design, run, or evaluate a mental health clinic

industrial psychologist

study the behavior of people in organizations

Experimental Psychologists

perform research to understand how humans and animals operate physically and psychologically.

Milgram experiment

an experiment devised in 1961 by Stanley Milgram, a psychologist at Yale University, to see how far ordinary people would go to obey a scientific authority figure