Chapter 1: The Science of Psychology

Charles Darwin

theory of evolution, survival of the fittest

Wilhelm Wundt

known as the father of psychologyDeveloped structuralism as an approach, introspection as the methodology


focus of study is the structure or basic elements of the brain


focus of study is how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work, and play


A form of therapy developed by Freud emphasizing the revealing of unconscious conflicts


the science of behavior that focuses on observable behavior only

correlation coefficient

A number that represents the strength of a relationship existing between 2 variables

independent variable

Variable in an experiment that is manipulated by the experimenter

dependent variable

Variable in an experiment that represents the measurable response of behavior of the subjects in the experiment

Measure of Central Tendency

Number that best represents the most typical score of a frequency distribution