chapter 1 vocab

abdominal

abs

acromial

point of shoulder

antecubital

anterior surface or elbow

axillary

armpit

brachial

arm

buccal

cheek area

carpal

wrist

cervical

neck region

coxal

hip

crural

leg

digital

fingers, toes

femoral

thigh

fibular

lateral part of leg

inguinal

area where thigh meets body trunk, groin

nasal

nose area

oral

mouth

orbital

eye area

patellar

anterior knee

pelvic

area overlapping the pelvis anteriorly

pubic

genital region

sternal

breastbone area

tarsal

ankle region

thoracic

chest

umbilical

navel

occipital

posterior surface of head

olecranal

posterior surface of elbow

popliteal

posterior knee area

sacral

area between hips

scapular

shoulder blade region

sural

the posterior surface of lower leg: the calf

vertebral

area of spine

superior

above

inferior

below

anterior

in front of

posterior

behind

medial

toward the midline of the body

lateral

away from the midline of the body

intermediate

between a more medial and a more lateral structure

proximal

close to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk

distal

farther from the region of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.

superficial

toward or at the body surface

deep

more internal

integumentary system

forms the external body covering: skin

skeletal system

protects body organs

muscular system

maintains heat

nervous system

fast-acting control system of the body

endocrine system

glands secret hormones that regulate processes such as growth, reproduction, and nutrients use by cells.

cardiovascular system

blood vessels transport blood, which carries oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients

lymphatic system

picks up fluid leaked from blood vessels and returns it to blood

respiratory system

keeps blood constantly supplied with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide

digestive system

breaks food down into absorbable units that enter the blood for distribution to body cells

urinary system

eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body

male/female reproduction system

production of offspring