Short Story List of Literary Terms

plot

sequence of events in a story

setting

when and where the story takes place

characterization

the development of a character throughout the story

theme

the message of the story

symbol

having something stand for or represent something else

tone

the author's attitude toward the characters

point of view

perspective from which the story is told

third person

narrator is not directly involved in the story

first person

narrator is directly involved in the story

motivation

the driving force behind the character's action

allegory

a story that makes a comparison of unlike things to teach a lesson

allusion

reference to the known to explain the unknown

anecdote

a humorous story meant to entertain

antagonist

villan/bad guy

protagonist

the hero of the story

climax

high/turning point of the story (can have more than 1 climax)

resolution

conflict is sovled

dramatic irony

when the readers know what's going to happen before the characters do

epiphany

the 'aha' moment/ when you realize what's happening

conflict

the problem to be solved

mood

the environment set for the reader

explication

the explanation of the meaning of the story

exposition

background information of the story

fable

teach us morals (aesop -greek-) story that uses animals as the main character

fairy tale

a fictional story using fantasy to entertain

fiction

a story not based on fact

flashback

narrator is telling a story about events in the past

metaphor

a story that compares 2 unlike things in order to teach a lesson

myth

story that is part fiction/ part history. Historical fiction by Greeks to explain an origin

narration

the actual telling of the story

narrative

the story being told

short story

by Edgar Allen Poe. Contains all the elements of a novel but is meant to be read in one sitting

parable

a story told using symbolism to teach a truth.

round character

a developed character that is multidimensional

satire

literature meant to make fun of a group or person (to entertain or inform) (politics)

stereotype

a biased view of people based on actions of a few

stream of consciousness

style of writing that has no organization or pattern

style

the way an author writes using literary elements

subplot

an underlying storyline

irony

an unexpected twist

rising action

the events leading up to the climax (denouement)

flat character

undeveloped character

foreshadowing

when the author hints at upcoming events

genre

category of literature

imagery

use of descriptive language

narrator

the person telling the story

paradox

a contradiction in literature