SLP2

1.You are working in a hospital with a boy named Luke whose medical chart indicates that he has a complete bilateral cleft lip and palate. The muscles that contribute to velopharyngeal closure through tensing or elevating the velum are damaged. Which of t

D. Palatoglossus, tensor veli palatini, levator veli palatini

2. The primary motor cortex in the frontal lobe is located on the
A. precentral gyrus
B. homunculus
C. supramarginal gyrus
D. angular gyrus
E. middle temporal gyrus

A. precentral gyrus

3. Which of the following statements is false
A. Wernicke's area in the temporal lobe is critical to comprehending spoken language.
B. Wernicke's area is connected to Broca's area in the frontal lobe through the arcuate fasciculus.
C. The occipital lobe c

D. The angular gyrus in the occipital lobe is important for interpreting somesthetic sensations such as pain, touch, and temperature.

4. An 8-year old girl, Tina, is referred to you because she reportedly has difficulty with the lingua-alveolar voiceless fricative. You can predict that in therapy you will address which sound
A. /d/
B. /t/
C. /s/
D. /z/
E. /v/

C. /s/

5. What are the most commonly described suprasegmentals or prosodic features that affect speech production
A. Labials, bilabials, linguadentals, and glottals
B. Nasals, stops, fricatives, liquids, and glides
C. Consonants, vowels, voiced sounds, and voice

D. Length of vowels, stress, rate, pitch, volume, and juncture

6. A school speech-language pathologist is working with adult accent clients who speak English as a second language. She is teaching her clients the difference between stressed and unstressed syllables. She teaches them that stressed syllables
A. are lowe

D. are longer and higher in pitch

7. Sara is reading a story aloud in her class. To make distinctions between similar-sounding words like "I scream" and "ice cream," she uses a combination of suprasegmentals such as intonation and pausing, which mark special distinctions or grammatical di

E. juncture

8. A speech scientist mentions to his class that when vibrating objects return to equilibrium, air molecules become thinner. The professor calls this process
A. compression
B. rarefaction
C. elasticity
D. acoustics
E. displacement

B. rarefaction

9. You are conducting therapy with Jennifer, a teenager who has a language impairment. You are especially addressing her skills in the area of cohesion because her teachers and parents report that this is an area of difficulty for her. Cohesion is defined

B. ordering and organizing utterances in a message so that they build logically on one another

10. The concrete operations stage of cognitive development, defined by Piaget, occurs at what ages
A. 2-7 years
B. 5-7 years
C. 4-8 years
D. 9-11 years
E. 7-11 years

E. 7-11 years

11. According to Brown's stages, what is the last morpheme to be acquired by a typical child
A. Prepositions
B. Regular third-person -s
C. Contractible copula
D. Uncontractible auxiliary
E. Contractible auxiliary

E. Contractible auxiliary

12. Halliday described seven functions of communicative intent that develop between 9 and 18 months of age. Which of the following is an example of the heuristic function
A. "More" (said by a child with an empty juice glass).
B. "I want cookie."
C. "Grand

D. "Why doggy bark?

13. A clinician assesses an adolescent whose discourse skills are limited. The clinician's treatment goals would most likely involve which of the following
A. Increased comprehension and use of idioms and metaphors
B. Increased mean length of utterance an

D. Increased conversational skills over a wide range of topics while interacting with peers

14. You have been asked to evaluate the language skills of a 6-year-old child who is having difficulty in her first-grade classroom. When you are evaluating her, you notice that she says things like "Her no eat candies." This utterance is an example of
A.

C. 4 words, 5 morphemes, personal pronoun + negative + verb + plural noun

15. A child has been referred to you for an assessment of his pragmatic skills. The chief complaint of adults and children with whom he interacts is that he frequently gives commands and sounds rude and bossy. His classroom teacher says she is fed up with

C. indirect requests

16. You are working with a 2-year-old boy to offer early intervention. His parents are concerned because they want him to go to preschool next year, but they believe his language skills will be insufficient for him to be successful in interacting in a pre

D. use of functional words in one-word utterances

17. You work in early intervention with a child who uses holophrastic speech. This child
A. uses primarily two-word utterances
B. speaks in compound sentences
C. uses solely complex sentences
D. uses one word to communicate a variety of meanings
E. only c

D. uses one word to communicate a variety of meanings

18. A 3-year-old boy with autism comes to you for intervention. His parents would like for him to interact more successfully with his siblings and peers. He needs work in many areas, but the ability to establish joint reference is critical for him now. Wh

C. Paying attention to the same object or activity as you when directed to do so

19. Which of the following is an element of the milieu teaching used in treating language disorders in children
A. Using picture cards and asking the child to imitate what he or she heard (e.g., "Say cats")
B. Using routines such as peek-a-boo to establis

C. Manding a response and adding modeling or prompts as found necessary

20. Of the methods mentioned in the following choices, which one would you reject because of either lack of evidence or presence of negative evidence
A. The mand-model and delay procedures
B. The whole language approach and facilitated communication
C. Th

B. The whole language approach and facilitated communication

21. You decide to use gestural-assisted augmentative and alternative communication with a child who has some proficiency in American Sign Language. Which type of symbols would you use in this situation
A. Sig symbols
B. Premack-type symbols
C. Blissymbols

A. Sig symbols

22. To obtain a reliable measure of a child's language skills through language sampling, you
A. should not get the family members involved because they may introduce bias
B. should repeat the language sample
C. should not sample language just before the t

B. should repeat the language sample

23. A 5-year-old child with specific language impairment may say something like "dog bark" instead of "the dog is barking." This is known as
A. functional speech
B. topic maintenance
C. lack of assertiveness
D. telegraphic speech
E. lack of responsiveness

D. telegraphic speech

24. A 5-year-old child has been brought to the center where you work. His mother tells you that he manifests the following behaviors: stereotypic body movements, insistence on routine, disinterest in interaction with others, echolalia, and hypersensitivit

C. Autism

25. A child is brought to you with the following symptoms: disturbed balance, awkward gait, and uncoordinated movements, as well as some dysarthria. You suspect
A. spastic cerebral palsy
B. traumatic brain injury due to a gunshot wound
C. ataxic cerebral

C. ataxic cerebral palsy

26. A child is brought for an evaluation because he is having difficulty producing /r/ and /l/. In your report, you state that he is having difficulty producing
A. glides
B. nasals
C. affricates
D. fricatives
E. liquids

E. liquids

27. Linguavelars are produced by
A. raising the tip of the tongue to make contact with the alveolar ridge
B. the tongue coming in contact with the hard palate C. the back of the tongue rising to contact the velum D. the tongue making contact with the uppe

C. the back of the tongue rising to contact the velum

28. You are working in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in a hospital. You often evaluate the infants there by using Oller's stages as a guide. One of Oller's stages of infant vocalization, where the infant continues to use adult-like syllables in CV

B. variegated or nonreduplicated babbling stage

29. In your job in a NICU, you find that many of the babies have feeding difficulties. Which one of the following statements is false regarding medically fragile babies with feeding difficulties
A. They have problems with oral-motor development B. They of

C. They can generally breastfeed easily.

30. Jaden, an 11-year old boy, is receiving speech therapy for remediation of /r/. His clinician is using the therapy technique of phonetic placement, which is used to teach or establish
A. minimal pair contrasts
B. maximal pair contrasts
C. stimulability

E. production of a phoneme in isolation

31. When a vowel (usually /o/ or /u/) is substituted for a syllabic consonant (e.g., a child may say "bado" instead of "bottle," or "noodoo" instead of "noodle"), it is called
A. gliding
B. vocalization
C. velar fronting
D. stopping
E. depalatization

B. vocalization

32. You observe the following substitution errors in the speech of a 6-year-old client: w/l (e.g., waemp/laemp), j/l (e.g., jait/lait), or w/r (e.g., wabbit/rabbit). You explain to the child's mother that these are examples of
A. vocalization
B. gliding
C

B. gliding

33. When a child repeats a pattern (e.g., wawa/water), it is referred to as
A. regressive assimilation
B. progressive assimilation
C. voicing assimilation
D. reduplication
E. accommodation

D. reduplication

34. Stuttering is more likely
A. on the third and fourth words in a sentence
B. when the client speaks in monologue with no audience
C. when the client produces words that are more frequently used in the language
D. on words that begin with consonants
E.

D. on words that begin with consonants

35. Stuttering in preschool children tends to occur somewhat more frequently on
A. function words than on content words
B. content words than on function words
C. words that begin with /s/ and /k/ than on words that begin with other sounds
D. second or th

A. function words than on content words

36. You are working with an adult who stutters. As part of therapy, you are teaching the client to use normal prosodic features of speech, which is a treatment target in which method
A. Pause-and-talk (timeout)
B. Response cost
C. Fluency shaping method
D

C. Fluency shaping method

37. Research has generally shown that children who stutter have parents
A. who hold extremely high standards of fluency
B. who have high ambitions for their children
C. who have unique and aberrant personalities
D. who are maladjusted or neurotic
E. who a

E. who are similar to parents with children who do not stutter

38. Evidence that suggests potential laryngeal dysfunction in persons who stutter includes
A. slightly delayed voice onset time
B. hemispheric language processing problems
C. cerebral blood flow deviations
D. abnormal electroencephalographic tracings
E. c

A. slightly delayed voice onset time

39. Some studies have shown that
A. central auditory function is clinically and significantly abnormal in all persons who stutter
B. people who stutter have a significant auditory feedback defect
C. language is always represented in the right hemisphere o

D. both normal and abnormal brain waves may be found in people who stutter

40. Some researchers have claimed that stuttering may be an operant behavior, which is behavior that is
A. controlled by internal emotions
B. changed by its consequences
C. unaffected by environmental stimuli
D. essentially reflexive
E. primarily determin

B. changed by its consequences

41. A patient complains of muscle fatigue in her larynx. She visits her local hospital, and the specialist decides to insert needle electrodes into the patient's peripheral laryngeal muscles to directly measure laryngeal function. The specialist informs t

E. electromyography

42. An opera singer complains that she is unable to maintain adequate breath support to produce her optimal voice. You want to measure the singer's lung volume to check for adequate breath support for optimal voice. You will need to measure ___________, w

B. vital capacity

43. The Visi-Pitch is one of the most popular instruments used to measure pitch. If a clinician uses the Visi-Pitch, which of the following results can be obtained
A. Frequency range, optimal pitch, and habitual pitch B. Frequency range, nasality, and res

A. Frequency range, optimal pitch, and habitual pitch

44. James, a 4-year-old boy, attends your cleft-palate center for a speech evaluation. James was born with a complete bilateral cleft lip and palate. James is unable to close his velopharyngeal port and, as a result, has difficulty producing non-nasal sou

B. Hypernasality

45. A client comes to a clinician seeking voice therapy. Derek is a 33-year-old male transgender client who has undergone several procedures to become more feminine. He tells you that he is taking estrogen also. Derek shares that he needs help to speak in

C. advise Derek that a combination of counseling, surgery, and voice therapy to teach more feminine pitch levels and communication patterns would best serve his needs

46. Lisa, a 19-year-old college student, was in a car accident and was air lifted to the trauma center at a local hospital. The paramedics at the accident scene had to perform an emergency intubation to permit her to breathe. A week after the accident, Li

D. a granuloma

47. A patient complains that her voice is soft, hoarse, low pitched, and breathy. After conducting an endoscopic evaluation, the laryngologist concludes that the patient has benign growths of thick, whitish patches on the surface membrane of the mucosa. T

B. leukoplakia

48. What is a pink or white wart-like growth that can be found anywhere in the airway and can make a person's voice sound hoarse, breathy, and low pitched
A. Hyperkeratosis
B. Leukoplakia
C. Hemangioma
D. Papilloma
E. Carcinoma

D. Papilloma

49. A concerned mother brings her 3-week-old child to you because he is having difficulties breathing. You refer the mother and her child to a physician. Upon laryngeal examination, the physician notices that a membrane has grown across the anterior porti

C. laryngeal web

50. A medical chart indicates that a patient's true vocal folds adduct instead of abduct during inhalation. The medical information also indicates that at times the patient's vocal folds remain closed throughout the respiratory cycle. According to the spe

E. paradoxical vocal fold motion

51. A patient comes to you complaining of a sore throat and hoarseness. After talking to the patient, you discover that he also often experiences heartburn and acid indigestion. You consult with the on-call physician, who mentions that this patient's gast

C. gastroesophageal reflux

52. You are working in a hospital when you are informed that a patient with Broca's aphasia has just been transferred to your caseload from another city. You can expect that this patient will show
A. nonfluent, effortful, agrammatic, and slow speech B. fl

A. nonfluent, effortful, agrammatic, and slow speech

53. As a hospital clinician, you are given a budget to purchase several new tests to use with patients. You remember that among the following standardized tests of aphasia, the one that samples speech and language skills to only a limited extent is the
A.

B. Porch Index of Communicative Ability

54. As a clinician working in a hospital with patients who have neurological problems, you decide to purchase functional communication tests. These tests seek to assess
A. communication in natural or everyday situations B. grammatically and syntactically

A. communication in natural or everyday situations

55. Mrs. W. is a 72-year old patient who just had a stroke. She has been diagnosed with apraxia of speech, which is often associated with lesions in
A. subcortical structures
B. Wernicke's area
C. Broca's area
D. the occipital area
E. the cerebellum

C. Broca's area

56. You are working with Mike, a 65-year old man who has been diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. In therapy, you are addressing his speech difficulties, which are due to dysarthria. Dysarthria is a
A. speech disorder in the absence of muscle weakness or

D. speech disorder associated with muscle weakness or paralysis

57. You are providing services to Mr. W., a patient with Parkinson's disease and consequent dysarthria, to help him sound more intelligible. You can expect that you will need to address challenges related to
A. even and consistent breakdowns in articulati

C. forced inspirations and expirations that interrupt speech D. an invariably slower rate of speech

58. Speech rate modification is a significant goal for patients with
A. dementia
B. Wernicke's aphasia
C. right hemisphere syndrome
D. dysarthria
E. dysphagia

D. dysarthria

59. Dr. S. is a retired college dean who has had a stroke and displays right hemisphere syndrome. In your assessment of Dr. S., you can expect to find
A. language disorders
B. speech disorders
C. attention and perceptual deficits
D. slow and sluggish resp

C. attention and perceptual deficits

60. Disorders of the oral phase of a swallow are mainly due to
A. an anterior, as opposed to a posterior, tongue movement
B. slippage of food into anterior and lateral sulci
C. a reduced range of lateral mandibular movement D. a poor alignment of mandible

A. an anterior, as opposed to a posterior, tongue movement

61. Case management for an elderly patient includes the following targets: establishing a simple routine, using various reminders, writing down a list of things to do every morning, and writing a checklist of things to do before leaving the house. Such a

E. dementia

62. You are conducting a language sample with an adolescent who speaks African American English (AAE). Which of the following utterances would be an example of the use of the perfective construction been to indicate an action that took place in the distan

A. "I been had chicken pox when I was 5.

63. A 5-year-old African American kindergarten girl is referred to you by her teacher. The teacher says, "I don't know if this is dialect or a real problem, but the other kids and I are having trouble understanding her." As you screen the girl, you find t

C. enroll the student in therapy because this is a sign of an articulatory-phonological disorder involving substitution of non-nasals for nasals

64. Vladimir is a 7-year-old Ukrainian boy enrolled in an all-English-speaking second-grade classroom. He came to an all-English-speaking kindergarten speaking only Ukrainian; kindergarten was his first exposure to English on a regular basis. The teacher

C. because cognitive-academic language proficiency takes about 5 to 7 years to develop to a level commensurate with that of native English speakers, it is expected that Vladimir will lag behind monolingual English-speaking peers in written language skills

65. Select the false statement about AAE
A. It is influenced by languages of West Africa.
B. It is a substandard form of Standard American English.
C. It has a regular, predictable, rule-governed system.
D. If children speak AAE, they can become bidialect

B. It is a substandard form of Standard American English.

66. You are administering a formal language test to a student who speaks AAE. Which one of the following tasks is not biased against him
A. "Tell me if this sentence is correct or incorrect: 'Them kids is havin' fun.'"
B. "Tell me what you like to watch o

B. "Tell me what you like to watch on TV.

67. You are assessing a preschool child who comes from an AAE-speaking home. Which of the following utterances reflects typical patterns of AAE

A. "You was helping me.

68. A teacher has referred a fifth-grade boy to you for a speech-language assessment. She is concerned because she feels that he is academically "behind his peers." He and his family are Vietnamese refugees, and they have been in the United States for 5 m

D. Language samples in Vietnamese, dynamic assessment, and observations of his interaction with family members and other Vietnamese children

69. A first-grade teacher refers Rashina to you. Rashina speaks AAE. The teacher says, "I am concerned about Rashina's grammar and her pronunciation of some of her sounds." Which one of the following would not be a typical utterance for a child such as Ra

C. "I don' yike dat one." (I don't like that one.)

70. You are screening the speech of a third-grade Spanish-speaking student named Araceli. Which of the following would not be typical for Araceli based on the influence of her primary language of Spanish
A. "My sister Yulie (Julie) is coming." B. "I like

C. "My mommy and me be goin' shoppin' later.

71. You are evaluating the language skills of Pascal, who has come to the United States with his family from Mexico. As you are gathering a language sample, you hear many utterances that reflect the transfer of Spanish to English. Which of the following w

A. "This balloon is more big.

72. The two muscles in the middle ear that dampen the vibrations of the tympanic membrane and the ossicular chain are the
A. levator tympani and stapedius muscle B. auditory meatus and levator tympani C. tensor tympani and stapedius muscle D. buccinator t

C. tensor tympani and stapedius muscle

73. A person with otosclerosis often has an audiogram reflecting Carhart's notch, which is
A. a specific loss at 2000 Hz as indicated by air-conduction testing B. a specific loss at 4000 Hz as indicated by both air- and bone-conduction testing C. a specif

C. a specific loss at 2000 Hz as indicated by bone-conduction testing

74. Sally just delivered her first baby boy. The pediatrician has noticed that the child was born with his external ear canal completely closed. The doctor explains that the child has
A. external otitis B. otitis media C. microtia D. myringotomy E. aural

E. aural atresia

75. Karen informs her pediatrician that her child has been rubbing his ear and is fussy. The doctor mentions to Karen that her child has an upper respiratory infection. The pediatrician also explains that upper respiratory infections are often associated

B. otitis media

76. A father tells you that he is concerned about his son Adam, who has had many episodes of otitis media with effusion. Adam has taken antibiotics for the last 7 months, but testing reveals that he continues to have middle ear fluid although he is not si

E. myringotomy

77. Marisa's mother takes her to the emergency room because she notices a foul-smelling discharge coming from Marisa's ear. The doctor examines Marisa's ear and sees that her tympanic membrane is permanently ruptured. The doctor explains to Marisa's mothe

A. Myringoplasty

78. A spongy growth that starts on the footplate of the stapes and causes it to become rigid is known as
A. otospongiosis B. ossicular discontinuity C. otosclerosis D. chronic otitis media E. ear wax

C. otosclerosis

79. Which of the following is a homophonous pair
A. bar-mar B. let-wet C. most-host D. she-be E. vine-nine

A. bar-mar

80. The concept of adequate construct validity means that
A. several judges have agreed that a test has been constructed appropriately and measures what it purports to measure B. test items have been judged to be relevant for measuring what the test purpo

D. test scores are consistent with theoretical concepts or expectations

81. You are working with a 7-year-old child for language therapy, and you are teaching the accurate production of the plural -s in words. You record the correct and incorrect responses on each attempt you ask the child to make. This practice is known as
A

E. the discrete trial procedure

82. You are working in therapy with a child who has challenging behaviors. You decide to use negative reinforcement, which
A. reduces the response rate B. strengthens (increases) responses that terminate or postpone aversive events C. is comparable to pun

B. strengthens (increases) responses that terminate or postpone aversive events

83. Standardized tests are limited in their usefulness because
A. they do not allow for comparative evaluation of performance B. they draw nationally representative samples that may not represent local samples C. they are not always accepted as a basis to

E. they sample participants (children) and responses in a limited manner

84. Select the statement that applies to the normal distribution
A. It is based on the arithmetic mean of scores or values. B. It is based on the statistical mode of the scores of the normative Derekple. C. In one, 64.13% of the scores fall within one sta

A. It is based on the arithmetic mean of scores or values.

85. When a normal distribution of scores shows that the mean is 100 and 68% of the sampled children have scored between 85 and 115, the standard deviation of that distribution is
A. 15
B. 25
C. 10
D. 12

A. 15

86. Select the correct statement
A. Ideally, concurrent validity should be very high. B. Validity is consistency of measures across repeated measurements. C. The construct validity is based on a criterion of future performance. D. Construct validity is ba

D. Construct validity is based on consistency of scores with a theoretical expectation.

87. A graduate school that bases its admission decisions on a student's GRE scores believes that
A. GRE scores have face validity B. GRE scores have content validity C. GRE scores have predictive validity D. GRE scores have test-retest reliability E. GRE

C. GRE scores have predictive validity

88. You work in a school district with a number of culturally and linguistically diverse students. You decide that rather than using formal language tests to assess these students for possible language disorders, you will use criterion-referenced testing.

A. does not involve explicit evaluation of a child's score against norms

89. Senbo is a third-grade student who speaks Afrikaans. Her teacher refers her for assessment because Senbo is having academic difficulty. To evaluate Senbo's language skills, you use dynamic assessment, an alternative approach in which the clinician
A.

D. makes a preliminary assessment, teaches missing skills, and reevaluates the skills taught

90. The range in a distribution can be defined as
A. the difference between the highest and lowest scores in a distribution B. the middle 50% of scores of a distribution C. the middle 50% of scores in a distribution divided by 2 D. the variance plus the d

A. the difference between the highest and lowest scores in a distribution

91. Which of the following statements is false regarding a null hypothesis
A. It states that there is no cause-effect relationship between two specified variables. B. It means a zero hypothesis. C. It is the one that researchers try to reject. D. It state

D. It states that two variables are causally related.

92. A test developer has simultaneously written two versions of a test of articulation skills (Form A and Form B) and administered both versions to selected children. The developer did this to establish
A. split-half reliability B. alternate-form reliabil

B. alternate-form reliability

93. A researcher who developed a language acquisition test claimed that her test measures what it is supposed to measure because the scores are progressively higher across age groups. She is claiming that her test has what kind of validity
A. Content vali

A. Content validity

94. A clinician measured the number of misarticulations in a child's speech sample in December, 2010. She went on winter break and came back 2 weeks later in January 2011, rested and refreshed. She decided to gather another speech sample from the child an

C. intraobserver reliability

95. A study designed to evaluate a treatment procedure for hoarseness of voice recruited all subjects who had witnessed a football game the previous day. The treatment, conducted over the following 2 weeks and offered to all subjects, resulted in improved

E. both A and B

96. Certain variables (e.g., attitudes and opinions) may change simply because they were measured more than once. This is a problem of
A. testing, reducing internal validity B. reactive effect of pretesting, affecting external validity C. instrumentation,

A. testing, reducing internal validity

97. The mode is evident in which of the following sets of scores
A. 12, 10, 5, 15, 8, 4, 11
B. 10, 3, 9, 12, 25, 29, 43
C. 16, 23, 16, 8, 16, 16, 4, 16, 16
D. 58, 76, 96, 12, 5, 9
E. 100, 95, 95, 78, 82, 73

C. 16, 23, 16, 8, 16, 16, 4, 16, 16

98. ___________ states that all children and youth with disabilities from ages 3 to 21 years are guaranteed free and appropriate public education in the "least restrictive environment," including special education and related services
A. P.L. 142-204
B. P

E. P.L. 94-142

99. You are working in a skilled nursing facility with elderly patients and their families. Many family members are distressed by the problems experienced by these patients secondary to stroke and dementia, and you find yourself spending time counseling w

C. nondirective client-centered

100. Which of the following statements is true
A. The innermost intercostal (T2-T11) elevates ribs 1 through 11.
B. The external intercostal (T2-T11) pulls the rib cage down.
C. The pectoralis minor (C4-T1) decreases the transverse dimension of the rib ca

D. The serratus anterior elevates the ribs 1 through 9.

101. In the phrase great zoo, the /z/ in zoo is devoiced because of the voiceless /t/ in the preceding word. This is an example of
A. adaptation
B. gestation
C. assimilation
D. accommodation
E. prolongation

C. assimilation

102. You are taking a language sample from an 8-year-old child. One of his utterances is "I will go to school tomorrow if I am not sick." This is an example of a
A. compound sentence with an independent and a dependent clause
B. complex sentence with an i

B. complex sentence with an independent and a dependent clause

103. The definition of stuttering that "it is speech that contains 5% or more dysfluencies" is based on
A. an etiological theory of stuttering
B. the notion that stuttering is a certain moment and an expert judges it as such
C. the psychodynamic view of s

E. certain listener evaluation studies

104. The consistency effect has shown that
A. stuttering always occurs on the sample words on repeated readings
B. stuttering recurs on certain words on repeated oral readings
C. adaptation is not real
D. adaptation and consistency cancel each other
E. co

B. stuttering recurs on certain words on repeated oral readings

105. A group of clinicians working with voice disorders wish to conduct research in a hospital setting. Many of their clients are hoarse because they work in noisy factories where they shout a great deal during the work week. The clinicians devise a ratin

E. an ordinal scale

106. The structure at the inferior portion of the tongue that connects the tongue with the mandible is called the
A. dorsum
B. root
C. blade
D. tip
E. lingual frenum

E. lingual frenum

107. When a person is producing a voiced and voiceless /th/, the muscle that is most involved is the
A. palatopharyngeus
B. sternocleidomastoid
C. genioglossus
D. styloglossus
E. buccinator

C. genioglossus

108. Which of the following muscles helps adduct the vocal folds
A. Hyoglossus
B. Cricothyroid
C. Posterior cricoarytenoids
D. Transverse arytenoids
E. Thyroarytenoids

D. Transverse arytenoids

109. When a person reads aloud a brief printed passage, the frequency of stuttering may decrease from the first to the subsequent readings. Select the statement that is true of this phenomenon
A. It is known as the adaptation effect.
B. Reduction in stutt

A. It is known as the adaptation effect.

110. A school-based clinician is assessing the velopharyngeal adequacy of Tanveer, a 13-year-old immigrant high school student from Pakistan. Tanveer was born with a cleft of the palate and lip; there was no repair until Tanveer's family came to the Unite

A. had a ratio of .87

111. A 5-year-old child is brought to you for an evaluation. According to her mother, Shannon has a history of middle-ear infections. Shannon's mother reports that Shannon is difficult to understand. For example, according to her mother, Shannon makes k/t

C. backing

112. A physician refers a 50-year-old male patient with dementia to you for assessment and treatment. The referring physician suggests the strong possibility of dense intracellular formation in the neuronal cytoplasm and ballooned and inflated neurons. Yo

E. frontotemporal dementia associated with Pick's disease

113. The parents of 4-year-old Mariah consult a clinician. They have moved several times since Mariah was born; her father is a construction worker, and her mother works full-time inside the home caring for Mariah and her three siblings. The family has "s

C. velocardiofacial syndrome, a genetic autosomal disorder thought to be caused by a missing part of chromosome 22 known as 22q11.2

114. The parents of 4-year-old Mariah consult a clinician. They have moved several times since Mariah was born; her father is a construction worker, and her mother works full-time inside the home caring for Mariah and her three siblings. The family has "s

D. denial

115. The parents of 4-year-old Mariah consult a clinician. They have moved several times since Mariah was born; her father is a construction worker, and her mother works full-time inside the home caring for Mariah and her three siblings. The family has "s

A. articulation disorders and mental retardation

116. A public school teacher refers DePonce, an African American second grader, for speech-language assessment. According to the teacher, "DePonce does not always say his words correctly. I think he might have a grammar problem, too." The clinician screen

B. t/k substitution (e.g., tea/key)

117. A public school teacher refers DePonce, an African American second grader, for speech-language assessment. According to the teacher, "DePonce does not always say his words correctly. I think he might have a grammar problem, too." The clinician screen

E. DePonce should receive speech-language therapy to teach correct production of the one articulatory pattern that he produces that is not typical of speakers of AAE, but the clinician should not address patterns that are commensurate with those of his AA

118. A clinician who works in a skilled nursing facility has an 82-year-old male patient referred to her. The patient presents with a mask-like face with infrequent blinking and no smiling, tremors in his muscles that diminish when he moves voluntarily, s

D. Parkinson's disease

119. A clinician who works in a skilled nursing facility has an 82-year-old male patient referred to her. The patient presents with a mask-like face with infrequent blinking and no smiling, tremors in his muscles that diminish when he moves voluntarily, s

A. disorders of the esophageal phase of swallow

120. A clinician who works in a skilled nursing facility has an 82-year-old male patient referred to her. The patient presents with a mask-like face with infrequent blinking and no smiling, tremors in his muscles that diminish when he moves voluntarily, s

B. the thermal stimulation method, in which the clinician touches the patient's base of the anterior faucial arches with a laryngeal mirror dipped in ice water for about 10 seconds