GRE-ONLINE

skein?

skein? �noun 1. length of yarn or thread wound on a reel or swift preparatory for use in manufacturing. 2. anything wound in or resembling such a coil: a skein of hair. 3. something suggestive of the twistings of a skein: an incoherent skein of words. 4. flock of geese, ducks, or the like, in flight. 5. succession or series of similar or interrelated things: a skein of tennis victories.

Sonnet

noun 1. Prosody . a poem, properly expressive of a single, complete thought, idea, or sentiment, of 14 lines, usually in iambic pentameter, with rhymes arranged according to one of certain definite schemes, being in the strict or Italian form divided into a major group of 8 lines (the octave) followed by a minor group of 6 lines (the sestet), and in a common English form into 3 quatrains followed by a couplet.

Cadenza

an elaborate flourish or showy solo passage, sometimes improvised, introduced near the end of an aria or a movement of a concerto.

Aria

�noun 1. an air or melody. 2. an elaborate melody sung solo with accompaniment, as in an opera or oratorio.

Fallibility

�adjective 1. (of persons) liable to err, esp. in being deceived or mistaken. 2. liable to be erroneous or false; not accurate: fallible information.

Iconoclast

i�con�o�clast? AC_FL_RunContent = 0; var interfaceflash = new LEXICOFlashObject ( "http://sp.dictionary.com/dictstatic/d/g/speaker.swf", "speaker", "17", "15", "", "6");interfaceflash.addParam("loop", "false");interfaceflash.addParam("quality", "high");interfaceflash.addParam("menu", "false");interfaceflash.addParam("salign", "t");interfaceflash.addParam("FlashVars", "soundUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fsp.dictionary.com%2Fdictstatic%2Fdictionary%2Faudio%2Fluna%2FI00%2FI0014400.mp3&clkLogProxyUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fdictionary.reference.com%2Fwhatzup.html&t=a&d=d&s=di&c=a&ti=1&ai=51359&l=dir&o=0&sv=00000000&ip=9e23e1e7&u=audio"); interfaceflash.addParam('wmode','transparent');interfaceflash.write(); ?/a??k?n??kl�st/ Show Spelled[ahy-kon-uh-klast] Show IPA �noun 1. a breaker or destroyer of images, esp. those set up for religious veneration. 2. a person who attacks cherished beliefs, traditional institutions, etc., as being based on error or superstition.

oriole

any of several usually brightly colored, passerine birds of the family Oriolidae, of the Old World. Compare golden oriole. 2. any of several brightly colored passerine birds of the family Icteridae, of the New World.

aphid

noun any of numerous tiny soft-bodied insects of the family Aphididae of worldwide distribution, that suck the sap from the stems and leaves of various plants, some developing wings when overcrowding occurs: an important pest of many fruit trees and vegetable crops. Use aphid in a Sentence

etymologist

noun, plural -gies. 1. the derivation of a word. 2. an account of the history of a particular word or element of a word. 3. the study of historical linguistic change, esp. as manifested in individual words.

ornithology

�noun the branch of zoology that deals with birds.

herpetologist

�noun the branch of zoology dealing with reptiles and amphibians.

Virtuoso

�noun 1. a person who has special knowledge or skill in a field. 2. a person who excels in musical technique or execution. 3. a person who has a cultivated appreciation of artistic excellence, as a connoisseur or collector of objects of art, antiques, etc. 4. Obsolete . a person who has special interest or knowledge in the arts and sciences; scientist; scholar.

Suzerain - Indians fear that this will impose Pakistani suzerainty over Afghan politics in return for the creation of conditions that allow Western forces to come home.

su�ze�rain? Show Spelled[soo-zuh-rin, -reyn] Show IPA �noun 1. a sovereign or a state exercising political control over a dependent state. 2. History/Historical . a feudal overlord. �adjective 3. characteristic of or being a suzerain. su�ze�rain�ty? ?[soo-zuh-rin-tee, -reyn-] Show IPA �noun, plural -ties. 1. the position or authority of a suzerain. 2. the domain or area subject to a suzerain.

Martinet

mar�ti�net? Show Spelled[mahr-tn-et, mahr-tn-et] Show IPA �noun 1. a strict disciplinarian, esp. a military one. 2. someone who stubbornly adheres to methods or rules.

Sextant

sex�tant? Show Spelled[sek-stuhnt] Show IPA �noun 1. an astronomical instrument used to determine latitude and longitude at sea by measuring angular distances, esp. the altitudes of sun, moon, and stars. 2. ( initial capital letter ) Astronomy . the constellation Sextans.mar�ti�net? AC_FL_RunContent = 0; var interfaceflash = new LEXICOFlashObject ( "http://sp.dictionary.com/dictstatic/d/g/speaker.swf", "speaker", "17", "15", "", "6");interfaceflash.addParam("loop", "false");interfaceflash.addParam("quality", "high");interfaceflash.addParam("menu", "false");interfaceflash.addParam("salign", "t");interfaceflash.addParam("FlashVars", "soundUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fsp.dictionary.com%2Fdictstatic%2Fdictionary%2Faudio%2Fluna%2FM01%2FM0176400.mp3&clkLogProxyUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fdictionary.reference.com%2Fwhatzup.html&t=a&d=d&s=di&c=a&ti=1&ai=51359&l=dir&o=0&sv=00000000&ip=9e23e1e7&u=audio"); interfaceflash.addParam('wmode','transparent');interfaceflash.write(); ?/?m?rtn??t, ?m?rtn??t/ Show Spelled[mahr-tn-et, mahr-tn-et] Show IPA �noun 1. a strict disciplinarian, esp. a military one. 2. someone who stubbornly adheres to methods or rules.

redoubtable

1. that is to be feared; formidable. 2. commanding or evoking respect, reverence, or the like. Also stubborn

Postulate

pos�tu�late? Show Spelled [v. pos-chuh-leyt; n. pos-chuh-lit, -leyt] Show IPA verb, -lat�ed, -lat�ing, noun "If we postulate that the doors were all securely guarded," said the detective, "then the perpetrator must have been somebody who was already in the building." �verb (used with object) 1. to ask, demand, or claim. 2. to claim or assume the existence or truth of, esp. as a basis for reasoning or arguing. 3. to assume without proof, or as self-evident; take for granted. 4. Mathematics, Logic . to assume as a postulate. �noun 5. something taken as self-evident or assumed without proof as a basis for reasoning. 6. Mathematics, Logic . a proposition that requires no proof, being self-evident, or that is for a specific purpose assumed true, and that is used in the proof of other propositions; axiom. 7. a fundamental principle. 8. a necessary condition; prerequisite.

Latent (adj)

: present and capable of becoming though not now visible, obvious, active, or symptomatic <a latent infection> � la�tent�ly adverb

Introversion

Etymology: intro- + -version (as in diversion) Date: 1654 1 : the act of introverting : the state of being introverted2 : the state of or tendency toward being wholly or predominantly concerned with and interested in one's own mental life

sententiousness

sen�ten�tious? Spelled[sen-ten-shuhs] Show IPA �adjective 1. abounding in pithy aphorisms or maxims: a sententious book. 2. given to excessive moralizing; self-righteous. 3. given to or using pithy sayings or maxims: a sententious poet. 4. of the nature of a maxim; pithy.

Felicitous

�adjective 1. well-suited for the occasion, as an action, manner, or expression; apt; appropriate: The chairman's felicitous anecdote set everyone at ease. 2. having a special ability for suitable manner or expression, as a person.

harangue

�noun 1. a scolding or a long or intense verbal attack; diatribe. 2. a long, passionate, and vehement speech, esp. one delivered before a public gathering. 3. any long, pompous speech or writing of a tediously hortatory or didactic nature; sermonizing lecture or discourse.

implacable

�adjective not to be appeased, mollified, or pacified; inexorable: an implacable enemy.

inchoate

�adjective 1. not yet completed or fully developed; rudimentary. 2. just begun; incipient. 3. not organized; lacking order: an inchoate mass of ideas on the subject.

insensible

�adjective 1. incapable of feeling or perceiving; deprived of sensation; unconscious, as a person after a violent blow. 2. without or not subject to a particular feeling or sensation: insensible to shame; insensible to the cold. 3. unaware; unconscious; inappreciative: We are not insensible of your kindness. 4. not perceptible by the senses; imperceptible: insensible transitions. 5. unresponsive in feeling. 6. not susceptible of emotion or passion; void of any feeling. 7. not endowed with feeling or sensation, as matter; inanimate.

lassitude

�noun 1. weariness of body or mind from strain, oppressive climate, etc.; lack of energy; listlessness; languor. 2. a condition of indolent indifference: the pleasant lassitude of the warm summer afternoon.

malinger

�verb (used without object) to pretend illness, esp. in order to shirk one's duty, avoid work, etc. Show Spelled[muh-ling-ger]I was basically turned away and called a coward and malinger." He added: "Soldiers aren't just kind of robots, they are thinking people and they will base things on their own experiences and come to their own conclusions.

mendacious

�adjective 1. telling lies, esp. habitually; dishonest; lying; untruthful: a mendacious person. 2. false or untrue: a mendacious report.

neophyte

�noun 1. a beginner or novice: He's a neophyte at chess. 2. Roman Catholic Church . a novice. 3. a person newly converted to a belief, as a heathen, heretic, or nonbeliever; proselyte. 4. Primitive Church . a person newly baptized.

obviate

�verb (used with object), -at�ed, -at�ing. to anticipate and prevent or eliminate (difficulties, disadvantages, etc.) by effective measures; render unnecessary: to obviate the risk of serious injury.�Can be confused: ? ameliorate, obviate, vitiate. �Synonyms preclude, avert, anticipate.

vitiate

�verb (used with object), -at�ed, -at�ing. 1. to impair the quality of; make faulty; spoil. 2. to impair or weaken the effectiveness of. 3. to debase; corrupt; pervert. 4. to make legally defective or invalid; invalidate: to vitiate a claim.Qureshi, while responding to a question on Saeed's vitriolic comments against India at his July 15 joint press conference with Krishna, said both sides should refrain from negative speeches that vitiate the atmosphere and then asked, "on the eve of this dialogue tell me to what extent" Pillai's remarks help.

penury

�noun 1. extreme poverty; destitution. 2. scarcity; dearth; inadequacy; insufficiency.

perfunctory

adjective 1. performed merely as a routine duty; hasty and superficial: perfunctory courtesy. 2. lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; indifferent or apathetic: In his lectures he reveals himself to be merely a perfunctory speaker.

Perfidy

�noun, plural -dies. 1. deliberate breach of faith or trust; faithlessness; treachery: perfidy that goes unpunished. 2. an act or instance of faithlessness or treachery.

Precipitate

�verb (used with object) 1. to hasten the occurrence of; bring about prematurely, hastily, or suddenly: to precipitate an international crisis. 2. to cast down headlong; fling or hurl down. 3. to cast, plunge, or send, esp. violently or abruptly: He precipitated himself into the struggle. 4. Chemistry . to separate (a substance) in solid form from a solution, as by means of a reagent. 11. exceedingly sudden or abrupt: a precipitate stop; a precipitate decision. 12. done or made without sufficient deliberation; overhasty; rash: a precipitate marriage.

Prevaricate

�verb (used without object), -cat�ed, -cat�ing. to speak falsely or misleadingly; deliberately misstate or create an incorrect impression; lie.

Probity/Rectitude

�noun integrity and uprightness; honesty. Synonym - Rectitude �noun 1. rightness of principle or conduct; moral virtue: the rectitude of her motives. 2. correctness: rectitude of judgment. 3. straightness.

Propitiate

�verb (used with object) -at�ed, -at�ing. to make favorably inclined; appease; conciliate.Board �sacrificed� CEO to �propitiate the deities of Whitehall and the media�.

Proscribe

verb (used with object), -scribed, -scrib�ing. 1. to denounce or condemn (a thing) as dangerous or harmful; prohibit. 2. to put outside the protection of the law; outlaw. 3. to banish or exile. 4. to announce the name of (a person) as condemned to death and subject to confiscation of property.

quiescent

adjective being at rest; quiet; still; inactive or motionless: a quiescent mind.

Recondite

�adjective 1. dealing with very profound, difficult, or abstruse subject matter: a recondite treatise. 2. beyond ordinary knowledge or understanding; esoteric: recondite principles. 3. little known; obscure: a recondite fact.

Refractory

�adjective 1. hard or impossible to manage; stubbornly disobedient: a refractory child. 2. resisting ordinary methods of treatment. 3. difficult to fuse, reduce, or work, as an ore or metal. �noun 4. a material having the ability to retain its physical shape and chemical identity when subjected to high temperatures. 5. refractories, bricks of various shapes used in lining furnaces.

Salubrious

adjective favorable to or promoting health; healthful: salubrious air.

Secrete

verb (used with object), -cret�ed, -cret�ing. to discharge, generate, or release by the process of secretion. �verb (used with object), -cret�ed, -cret�ing. to place out of sight; hide; conceal: squirrels secreting nuts in a hollow tree trunk.

Solicitous

�adjective 1. anxious or concerned (usually fol. by about, for, etc., or a clause): solicitous about a person's health. 2. anxiously desirous: solicitous of the esteem of others. 3. eager (usually fol. by an infinitive): He was always solicitous to please. 4. careful or particular: a solicitous housekeeper.

Stint

�verb (used without object) 1. to be frugal; get along on a scanty allowance: Don't stint on the food. They stinted for years in order to save money. 2. Archaic . to cease action; desist. �verb (used with object) 3. to limit to a certain amount, number, share, or allowance, often unduly; set limits to; restrict. 4. Archaic . to bring to an end; check. �noun 5. a period of time spent doing something: a two-year stint in the army. 6. an allotted amount or piece of work: to do one's daily stint.

Welter

�verb (used without object) 1. to roll, toss, or heave, as waves or the sea. �noun 5. a confused mass; a jumble or muddle: a welter of anxious faces.

venal

�adjective 1. willing to sell one's influence, esp. in return for a bribe; open to bribery; mercenary: a venal judge. 2. able to be purchased, as by a bribe: venal acquittals. 3. associated with or characterized by bribery: a venal administration; venal agreements.

Proletarian

1. the class of wage earners, esp. those who earn their living by manual labor or who are dependent for support on daily or casual employment; the working class. 2. (in Marxist theory) the class of workers, esp. industrial wage earners, who do not possess capital or property and must sell their labor to survive. 3. the lowest or poorest class of people, possessing no property, esp. in ancient Rome.

Anodyne

�noun 1. a medicine that relieves or allays pain. 2. anything that relieves distress or pain: The music was an anodyne to his grief. �adjective 3. relieving pain. 4. soothing to the mind or feelings.

bemusement

�verb (used with object), -mused, -mus�ing. to bewilder or confuse (someone). His eyes danced with bemusement. He was not moved by my emotional questioning.

encomium

en�co�mi�um? Show IPA. a formal expression of high praise; eulogy: An encomium by the President greeted the returning hero.

Halcyon

1.calm; peaceful; tranquil: halcyon weather.rich; wealthy; prosperous: halcyon times of peace.happy; joyful; carefree: halcyon days of youth.

Idolatrous

i�dol�a�trous? ?/a??d?l?tr?s/ Show Spelled[ahy-dol-uh-truhs] Show IPA �adjective 1. worshiping idols. 2. blindly adoring. 3. of or pertaining to idolatry.

Foment

fo�ment? ?/fo??m?nt/ Show Spelled[foh-ment] Show IPA �verb (used with object) 1. to instigate or foster (discord, rebellion, etc.); promote the growth or development of: to foment trouble; to foment discontent. 2. to apply warm water or medicated liquid, ointments, etc., to (the surface of the body).

inimical

in�im�i�cal? ?/??n?m?k?l/ Show Spelled[ih-nim-i-kuhl] Show IPA �adjective 1. adverse in tendency or effect; unfavorable; harmful: a climate inimical to health. 2. unfriendly; hostile: a cold, inimical gaze.

Refulgent

re�ful�gent? ?/r??f?ld??nt/ Show Spelled[ri-fuhl-juhnt] Show IPA �adjective shining brightly; radiant; gleaming: Crystal chandeliers and gilded walls made the opera house a refulgent setting for the ball.

Sedulous

sed�u�lous? ?/?s?d??l?s/ Show Spelled[sej-uh-luhs] Show IPA �adjective 1. diligent in application or attention; persevering; assiduous. 2. persistently or carefully maintained: sedulous flattery.

trenchant

trench�ant? ?/?tr?nt??nt/ Show Spelled[tren-chuhnt] Show IPA �adjective 1. incisive or keen, as language or a person; caustic; cutting: trenchant wit. 2. vigorous; effective; energetic: a trenchant policy of political reform. 3. clearly or sharply defined; clear-cut; distinct.

turpitude

tur�pi�tude? ?/?t?rp??tud, -?tyud/ Show Spelled[tur-pi-tood, -tyood] Show IPA �noun 1. vile, shameful, or base character; depravity. 2. a vile or depraved act.

torpid

tor�pid1? ?/?t?rp?d/ Show Spelled[tawr-pid] Show IPA�adjective1.inactiveorsluggish.2.slow;dull;apathetic;lethargic.3.dormant,asahibernatingorestivatinganimal.

putative

�adjective commonly regarded as such; reputed; supposed: the putative boss of the mob.So the only difference between "an inhabitant or resident" and "a regular who frequents a place" is that in the first, you are a putative permanent resident, whereas in second you are an overglorified temporary "resident".

Trowel

noun 1. any of various tools having a flat blade with a handle, used for depositing and working mortar, plaster, etc. 2. a similar tool with a curved, scooplike blade, used in gardening for taking up plants, turning up earth, etc.

Potentate

�noun a person who possesses great power, as a sovereign, monarch, or ruler.

Mendicate

Men"di*cate\, v. t.& i. [L. mendicatus, p. p. of mendicare to beg.] To beg. [R.] --Johnson.

Elision

�noun 1. the omission of a vowel, consonant, or syllable in pronunciation. 2. (in verse) the omission of a vowel at the end of one word when the next word begins with a vowel, as th'orient. 3. an act or instance of eliding or omitting anything.a : the use of a speech form that lacks a final or initial sound which a variant speech form has (as 's instead of is in there's) b : the omission of an unstressed vowel or syllable in a verse to achieve a uniform metrical pattern

�noun

1. a person or thing that lags; lingerer; loiterer. �adjective 2. moving, developing, or responding slowly; sluggish; dilatory; backward.

Corral

�noun 1. an enclosure or pen for horses, cattle, etc. 2. a circular enclosure formed by wagons during an encampment, as by covered wagons crossing the North American plains in the 19th century, for defense against attack.3. to confine in or as if in a corral. 4. Informal . a. to seize; capture. b. to collect, gather, or garner: to corral votes. 5. to form (wagons) into a corral.

Cord of wood

Firewood is usually sold as a fraction of a full cord.

Lachrymose

adjective 1. suggestive of or tending to cause tears; mournful. 2. given to shedding tears readily; tearful.Glenn Beck, ever lachrymose and megalomaniacal, appears to be propping himself up for a presidential run.

Coven

�noun an assembly of witches, esp. a group of thirteen.

Isthmus

�noun, 1. a narrow strip of land, bordered on both sides by water, connecting two larger bodies of land. 2. Anatomy, Zoology . a connecting, usually narrow, part, organ, or passage, esp. when joining structures or cavities larger than itself. 3. Ichthyology . the narrow fleshy area between the sides of the lower jaw of a fish.

Archipelago

�noun, plural -gos, -goes. 1. a large group or chain of islands: the Malay Archipelago. 2. any large body of water with many islands. 3. the Archipelago, the Aegean Sea.

Pertinacious

�adjective 1. holding tenaciously to a purpose, course of action, or opinion; resolute. 2. stubborn or obstinate. 3. extremely or objectionably persistent: a pertinacious salesman from whom I could not escape.

Dilatory

�adjective 1. holding tenaciously to a purpose, course of action, or opinion; resolute. 2. stubborn or obstinate. 3. extremely or objectionably persistent: a pertinacious salesman from whom I could not escape.

Litigant

�noun 1. a person engaged in a lawsuit. �adjective 2. litigating; engaged in a lawsuit.

Recreant

�adjective 1. cowardly or craven. 2. unfaithful, disloyal, or traitorous. �noun 3. a coward. 4. an apostate, traitor, or renegade.

Proselyte

�noun 1. a person who has changed from one opinion, religious belief, sect, or the like, to another; convert.

Peripatetic

�adjective 1. walking or traveling about; itinerant. 2. ( initial capital letter ) of or pertaining to Aristotle, who taught philosophy while walking in the Lyceum of ancient Athens. 3. ( initial capital letter ) of or pertaining to the Aristotelian school of philosophy. �noun 4. a person who walks or travels about. 5. ( initial capital letter ) a member of the Aristotelian school.

�noun

1. ( sometimes initial capital letter ) a person who is lacking in or hostile or smugly indifferent to cultural values, intellectual pursuits, aesthetic refinement, etc., or is contentedly commonplace in ideas and tastes. 2. ( initial capital letter ) a native or inhabitant of ancient Philistia. �adjective 3. ( sometimes initial capital letter ) lacking in or hostile to culture. 4. smugly commonplace or conventional. 5. ( initial capital letter ) of or belonging to the ancient Philistines.

Recidivist

noun 1. repeated or habitual relapse, as into crime. 2. Psychiatry . the chronic tendency toward repetition of criminal or antisocial behavior patterns.

Abnegate

noun 1. repeated or habitual relapse, as into crime. 2. Psychiatry . the chronic tendency toward repetition of criminal or antisocial behavior patterns.

Palliated

�verb (used with object), -at�ed, -at�ing. 1. to relieve or lessen without curing; mitigate; alleviate. 2. to try to mitigate or conceal the gravity of (an offense) by excuses, apologies, etc.; extenuate.

Vaunted

�adjective praised boastfully or excessively: the vaunted beauties of Paris.

Skinflint

�noun a mean, niggardly person; miser.

Blackguard

�noun 1. a low, contemptible person; scoundrel. 2. Obsolete . a. a group of menial workers in the kitchen of a large household. b. the servants of an army. c. camp followers. �verb (used with object) 3. to revile in scurrilous language.

Suppliant/Supplicant

�noun 1. a person who supplicates; petitioner.�adjective 2. supplicating. 3. expressive of supplication, as words, actions, etc.

Epigram

�noun 1. any witty, ingenious, or pointed saying tersely expressed. 2. epigrammatic expression: Oscar Wilde had a genius for epigram. 3. a short, often satirical poem dealing concisely with a single subject and usually ending with a witty or ingenious turn of thought.

Rampart

�noun 1. Fortification . a. a broad elevation or mound of earth raised as a fortification around a place and usually capped with a stone or earth parapet. b. such an elevation together with the parapet. 2. anything serving as a bulwark or defense. �verb (used with object) 3. to furnish with or as if with a rampart.

Canonize

�verb (used with object), -ized, -iz�ing. 1. Ecclesiastical . to place in the canon of saints. 2. to glorify. 3. to make canonical; place or include within a canon, esp. of scriptural works: They canonized the Song of Solomon after much controversy. 4. to consider or treat as sacrosanct or holy: They canonized his many verbal foibles and made them gospel. 5. to sanction or approve authoritatively, esp. ecclesiastically. 6. Archaic . to deify.

Impanel

-elled, -el�ling. 1. to enter on a panel or list for jury duty. 2. to select (a jury) from the panel. 3. to enter names on a panel or other official list.

Libretto

the text or words of an opera or similar extended musical composition. 2. a book or booklet containing such a text.

Precept

�noun 1. a commandment or direction given as a rule of action or conduct. 2. an injunction as to moral conduct; maxim. 3. a procedural directive or rule, as for the performance of some technical operation. 4. Law . a. a writ or warrant. b. a written order issued pursuant to law, as a sheriff's order for an election.

Blithe

�adjective, blith�er, blith�est. 1. joyous, merry, or gay in disposition; glad; cheerful: Everyone loved her for her blithe spirit. 2. without thought or regard; carefree; heedless: a blithe indifference to anyone's feelings.

Juggernaut

�noun 1. ( often lowercase ) any large, overpowering, destructive force or object, as war, a giant battleship, or a powerful football team. 2. ( often lowercase ) anything requiring blind devotion or cruel sacrifice.

Cosmonaut

�noun a Russian or Soviet astronaut.

Question 98:

Cosmonaut Answer 98: �noun a Russian or Soviet astronaut.

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Preview: GRE-Online

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------skein?skein?

�noun

1. a length of yarn or thread wound on a reel or swift preparatory for use in manufacturing. 2. anything wound in or resembling such a coil: a skein of hair. 3. something suggestive of the twistings of a skein: an incoherent skein of words. 4. a flock of geese, ducks, or the like, in flight. 5. a succession or series of similar or interrelated things: a skein of tennis victories.

Cadenza

an elaborate flourish or showy solo passage, sometimes improvised, introduced near the end of an aria or a movement of a concerto.

Iconoclast

i�con�o�clast? AC_FL_RunContent = 0;

�noun

1. a breaker or destroyer of images, esp. those set up for religious veneration. 2. a person who attacks cherished beliefs, traditional institutions, etc., as being based on error or superstition.

aphid

noun any of numerous tiny soft-bodied insects of the family Aphididae of worldwide distribution, that suck the sap from the stems and leaves of various plants, some developing wings when overcrowding occurs: an important pest of many fruit trees and vegetable crops.

Suzerain -

Indians fear that this will impose Pakistani suzerainty over Afghan politics in return for the creation of conditions that allow Western forces to come home.su�ze�rain? Show Spelled[soo-zuh-rin, -reyn] Show IPA

�noun

1. a sovereign or a state exercising political control over a dependent state. 2. History/Historical . a feudal overlord. �adjective 3. characteristic of or being a suzerain.

�noun, plural -ties.

1. the position or authority of a suzerain. 2. the domain or area subject to a suzerain.

Martinet

mar�ti�net?

�noun

1. a strict disciplinarian, esp. a military one. 2. someone who stubbornly adheres to methods or rules.

Sextant

sex�tant? Show Spelled[sek-stuhnt] Show IPA

�noun

1. an astronomical instrument used to determine latitude and longitude at sea by measuring angular distances, esp. the altitudes of sun, moon, and stars. 2. ( initial capital letter ) Astronomy . the constellation Sextans. mar�ti�net? AC_FL_RunContent = 0;

�noun

1. a strict disciplinarian, esp. a military one. 2. someone who stubbornly adheres to methods or rules.

redoubtable

1. that is to be feared; formidable. 2. commanding or evoking respect, reverence, or the like.

Postulate

pos�tu�late? Show Spelled [v. pos-chuh-leyt; n. pos-chuh-lit, -leyt] Show IPA verb, -lat�ed, -lat�ing, noun

�verb (used with object)

1. to ask, demand, or claim. 2. to claim or assume the existence or truth of, esp. as a basis for reasoning or arguing. 3. to assume without proof, or as self-evident; take for granted. 4. Mathematics, Logic . to assume as a postulate. �noun 5. something taken as self-evident or assumed without proof as a basis for reasoning. 6. Mathematics, Logic . a proposition that requires no proof, being self-evident, or that is for a specific purpose assumed true, and that is used in the proof of other propositions; axiom. 7. a fundamental principle. 8. a necessary condition; prerequisite.

sententiousness

sen�ten�tious?

�adjective

1. abounding in pithy aphorisms or maxims: a sententious book. 2. given to excessive moralizing; self-righteous. 3. given to or using pithy sayings or maxims: a sententious poet. 4. of the nature of a maxim; pithy.

malinger

�verb (used without object) to pretend illness, esp. in order to shirk one's duty, avoid work, etc. Show Spelled[muh-ling-ger]

I was basically turned away and called a coward and malinger.

He added: "Soldiers aren't just kind of robots, they are thinking people and they will base things on their own experiences and come to their own conclusions.

obviate

�verb (used with object), -at�ed, -at�ing. to anticipate and prevent or eliminate (difficulties, disadvantages, etc.) by effective measures; render unnecessary: to obviate the risk of serious injury.

�Can be confused: ? ameliorate, obviate, vitiate.

�Synonyms preclude, avert, anticipate.

vitiate

�verb (used with object), -at�ed, -at�ing. 1. to impair the quality of; make faulty; spoil. 2. to impair or weaken the effectiveness of. 3. to debase; corrupt; pervert. 4. to make legally defective or invalid; invalidate: to vitiate a claim.

Precipitate

�verb (used with object) 1. to hasten the occurrence of; bring about prematurely, hastily, or suddenly: to precipitate an international crisis. 2. to cast down headlong; fling or hurl down. 3. to cast, plunge, or send, esp. violently or abruptly: He precipitated himself into the struggle. 4. Chemistry . to separate (a substance) in solid form from a solution, as by means of a reagent.

11.

exceedingly sudden or abrupt: a precipitate stop; a precipitate decision. 12. done or made without sufficient deliberation; overhasty; rash: a precipitate marriage.

Probity/Rectitude

�noun integrity and uprightness; honesty.

Synonym - Rectitude

�noun 1. rightness of principle or conduct; moral virtue: the rectitude of her motives. 2. correctness: rectitude of judgment. 3. straightness.

Secrete

verb (used with object), -cret�ed, -cret�ing. to discharge, generate, or release by the process of secretion.

�verb (used with object), -cret�ed, -cret�ing.

to place out of sight; hide; conceal: squirrels secreting nuts in a hollow tree trunk.

Stint

�verb (used without object) 1. to be frugal; get along on a scanty allowance: Don't stint on the food. They stinted for years in order to save money. 2. Archaic . to cease action; desist.

�verb (used with object)

3. to limit to a certain amount, number, share, or allowance, often unduly; set limits to; restrict. 4. Archaic . to bring to an end; check.

�noun

5. a period of time spent doing something: a two-year stint in the army. 6. an allotted amount or piece of work: to do one's daily stint.

Welter

�verb (used without object) 1. to roll, toss, or heave, as waves or the sea.

�noun

5. a confused mass; a jumble or muddle: a welter of anxious faces.

bemusement

�verb (used with object), -mused, -mus�ing. to bewilder or confuse (someone).

encomium

en�co�mi�um?

Show IPA.

a formal expression of high praise; eulogy: An encomium by the President greeted the returning hero.

putative

�adjective commonly regarded as such; reputed; supposed: the putative boss of the mob.

Mendicate

Men"di*cate\, v. t.& i. [L. mendicatus, p. p. of mendicare to beg.] To beg. [R.] --Johnson.

Elision

�noun 1. the omission of a vowel, consonant, or syllable in pronunciation. 2. (in verse) the omission of a vowel at the end of one word when the next word begins with a vowel, as th'orient. 3. an act or instance of eliding or omitting anything.

Cord of wood

Firewood is usually sold as a fraction of a full cord.

Lachrymose

adjective 1. suggestive of or tending to cause tears; mournful. 2. given to shedding tears readily; tearful.