Ed Research

Which source of knowledge was used to make the following decision? "We should teachchildren basic math computations using flash cards because that is how Ilearned." A. Personal experienceB. Authority C. Research D. Tradition

A. Personal Experiance

A valuable source of information characterized by the systematic collection,analysis, and interpretation of data isA. Personal ExperianceB. TraditionC. AuthorityD. Research

D. Research

A teacher is trying to decide whether to teach reading using a phonetic orwhole-language approach. Her decision should be based on A. What authorities in the field say.B. Her own personal experience with other classes. C. The opinions of other teachers in her department. D. Analysis of data on how the students performed after using both techniques.

D. Analysis of data on how the students performed after using both techniques.

Why is scientific inquiry important in education? A. It enables us to describe and explain educational phenomena. B. It provides us a means for developing and testing theories. C. It allows us to control variables so we can study the causal relationship between phenomena. D. All of the above.

D. All of the Above

What of the following reflects the importance of theory in education?A. It provides a general explanation of behavior B. It represents a body of knowledge about educational practice. C. It provides great utility with regard to our understanding certain phenomena. D. All of the above.

D. All of the above

Beyond a description of the process by which research can be conducted, why are the six steps of the research process discussed in this chapter important? A. There is a need to conduct research in a systematic manner so that the results will be credible. B. The credibility of the overall result is dependent on the credibility of each individual step. C. A systematic approach can be examined thoroughly. D. All of the above.

D. All of the Above

All of the following are characteristics of quantitative research except the: A. Focus on verbal narratives and observations.B. Emphasis is on statistical analysis.C. Research controls experimental variables.D. Research is detached and uninvolved.

A. Focus on verbal narratives and observations

All of the following are characteristics of qualitative research except the: A. Detached, objective role of the researcher. B. Use of purposeful sampling techniques to select a few participants. C. Use of observations and interviews to collect data. D. Inductive analysis of data.

A. Detached, objective role of the researcher.

Which of the following are the unique characteristics of experimental research designs? A. The investigation of cause and effect relationships. B. The manipulation of a factor. C. The control of extraneous factors that might influence the results. D. All of the above.

C. The control of extraneous factors that might influence the results.

If a researcher is studying the effect of computer-assisted instruction on student achievement, what type of research design is he using? A. Experimental B. Descriptive C. Correlational D. Comparative

A. Experimental

Which of the following qualitative designs has as its purpose the in-depth study of a single program, event, activity, or group defined by time and place? A. Ethnography B. Phenomenology C. Grounded Theory D. Case study

D. Case Study

Which type of research investigates ideas or concepts by analyzing documents, records, recordings, and other media? A. Correlational B. Phenomenology C. Analytical D. Grounded Theory

C. Analytical

Which type of research is being used when a researcher uses both questionnaires, tests, observations, and interviews in her study? A. Analytic B. Qualitative C. Quantitative D. Mixed-Method

D. Mixed-Method

A teacher is concerned about the attention level of some of the students in her class. She tries different seating arrangements to see if the students' levels of attention improve. What type of research was the teacher using? A. Evaluation research B. Action research C. Descriptive research D. Basic research

B. Action Research

Which of the following components of a research report includes recommendations and implications? A. Results B. Conclusions C. References D. Discussion

B. Conclusions