English Terms Ch. 2

Alliteration

Repition of the same sound beginning several words in sequence.

Allusion

Brief refernce to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious, or to a work of art.

Anaphora

Repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of a successive phrases, clauses or lines.

Antimetabole

Repetition of words in reverse order.

Antithesis

Opposition, or contrast, of ideas or words in a balance or parallel construction.

Archaic Diciton

Old-fashioned or outdated choice of words.

Asyndeton

Omission of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words.

Cumulative Sentence

Sentence that completes the main idea at the beginning of the sentence and then build and adds on.

Hortative Sentence

Sentence that exhorts, advises, calls to action.

Imperative Sentence

Sentence used to command, enjoin, implore, or entreat.

Inversion

Inverted Order of words in a sentence (variation of the subject-verb-object order).

Juxtapostion

Placement of two things closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrasts.

Metaphor

Figure of speech that says one thing is another in order to explain by comparison.

Metonymy

Using a single feature to represent the whole.

Oxymoron

Paradoxical juxtaposition of words that seem to contradict one another.

Parallelism

Similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses.

Periodic Sentence

Sentence whose main clause is withheld until the end.

Personification

Attribution of a lifelike quality to an inanimate object or idea.

Rhetorical Question

Figure of speech in the form of a question posed for rhetorical effect rather then fro the purpose of getting an answer.

Zeugma

Use of two different words in a grammatically similar way but producing different, often incongruous, meaning.