AP English Terms

A concise statement of a principle

Aphorism

Short poem dealing with a single point having a turn of thought

Epigram

Conversational language

Colloquial

Relating to an earlier time period

Archaic

Weird, obscure language of a specific area or field

Jargon

Calling for action

Hortative (diction)

Necessary explication of events at the beginning of a passage

Exposition

Long sentence which does not complete its thought until the very end

Periodic sentence

Sentence where the main clause comes first, followed by dependent clauses/phrases

Loose syntax

Sentence where the main clause is built upon by modifying clauses/phrases

Cumulative syntax