physiovocab1.txt

Axial

Includes the head, neck, and trunk

Appendicular

Includes the upper and lower limbs

Cranial Cavity

Houses the skull

Vertebral Canal

Houses the spinal cord

Thoracic Cavity

Houses the organs of the chest area

Abdominopelvic Cavity

Made up of the abdomen and pelvic areas

Viscera

Organs

Diaphragm

Thin muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity

Oral cavity

contains the teeth and tongue

Nasal cavity

located within the nose and divided into the right and left portions

Orbital cavity

contains the eyes and associated muscles and nerves

middle ear cavities

contains the middle ear bones

parietal

refers to the membrane attached to the wall of a cavity

visceral

refers to membrane that covers an organ

pericardial membranes

surround the heart

peritoneal membranes

membranes that line the abdominopelvic cavity

superior

above another part, or closer to the head

inferior

below another part, or toward the feet

anterior

toward the front

posterior

toward the back

medial

toward the midline of the body

lateral

toward the sides of the body

proximal

closer to a point of attachment to the trunk

distal

farther from the point of attachment to the trunk

superficial

situated near the surface

deep

more internal parts than superficial

sagittal plane

lengthwise division that divides the body into right and left portions

transverse

divides the body into superior and inferior portions

coronal

divides the body into anterior and posterior portions

epigastric region

upper middle portion

left and right hypochondriac regions

each side of epigastric regions

umbilical region

middle portion

left and right lumbar regions

lie on each side of the umbilical region

hypogastric region

lower middle portion

left and right iliac regions

lie on each side of the hypogastric region

abdominal

region between the thorax and the pelvis

acromial

the point of the shoulder

antebrachial

the forearm

antecubital

space in front of the elbow

axillary

armpit

brachial

arm

carpal

wrist

celiac

the abdomen

cephalic

head

cervial

neck

costal

ribs

coxal

hip

crural

leg

cubital

elbow

digital

finer

dorsal

back

femoral

thigh

frontal

forehead

genital

reproductive organs

gluteal

buttocks

inquinal

groin area

lumbar

lower back

mammary

breast

mental

chin

nasal

nose

occipital

lower posterior region of the head

oral

mouth

orbital

eye cavity

otic

ear

palmar

palm of the hand

patellar

front of the knee

pectoral

chest

pedal

foot

pelvic

pelvis

perineal

region between the anus and the external reproductive organs

plantar

sole of the foot

popliteal

area behind the knee

sacral

posterior region behind the hipbones

sternal

middle of the thorax, anteriorly

tarsal

instep of the foot

umbilical

navel

vertebral

spinal column