Greek & Latin roots of english

caput, capitis

head (capital, decapitate)

custos, custodis

guard(custody, custodian)

hospes, hospitis

host(host= one who receives strangers; hospital, hostel, hotel)

hostis

stranger, enemy(hostile)

lux, lucis

light(translucent, lucifer)

mare, maris

sea(marine, mariner, marinate)

miles, militis

soldier(military, militia)

nomen, nominis

name(nominate, nominal)

pax, pacis

peace(pacify, pacifist)

tempus, temporis

timetemporal, temporary, contemporary)