Etymology Exam 1

a-, an-

Without; lack of negation; absence of

ab-

from; away from

abdomino-

abdomen

aceto-

vinegar; acid

achromo-

colorless

acro-

extremities

acromio-

acromion

ad-

to; toward; near

adeno-

gland

adipo-

animal fat

aeneo-, chalco-

bronze

aero-, pneo-, pneumo-

air; lung

ambi-,

both

amphi-

about; around; both sides

amylo-,

starch

ana-

up; apart; across; throughout

angio-

tube or blood vessel; vascular system

aniso-

unequal

ankylo-

stiffness; stricture; adhesion

ante-

before

antero-, anterio-

before; front; in front

anthraco-

coal

anti-

against

aorto-

aorta

apo-

away; different from

appendico-

appendix

aqueo-

water

argenti-, argento-

silver

arterio-

artery

arthro-, articulo-

joint

astragalo-

astragalus

audio-

pertaining to hearing

auri-, auro-

gold

auriculo-

auricle

auto-

self

azo-

pertaining to nitrogen

bacterio-

bacteria

balano-

glans penis

baro-

atmospheric pressure

bary-

heavy

bathy-, batho-

deep; depth

bi (n)

both; two; double

bio-

living; life

blepharo-

eyelid

brady-

slow

brachio-

arm

brachy-

short

bromato-

food

broncho-, bronchi-

bronchus

bucco-

cheek

calcaneo-

calcaneus

capillaro-

capillary

carcino-

cancer

cardio-

heart

carpo-

carpus

caryo- (kayro)

nucleus

cata- (kata)

down; back

caudo-

tail; down; upward

cephalo-

head; up; upward

cerato-, kerato-, corni-

horn

cerebello-

cerebellum

cerebro-

cerebrum

cervico-

neck; cervix; neck of the uterus

cheilo-, labio-

lips

chemo-

chemical

chiro-

hand

chlor-

green

chole-, cholo-

bile; gall

chondro-

cartilage

chrom-, chromo-

color; pigment

circum-

around

clavico-, claviculo-

clavicle

co- (com) (con)

with; together

cocco-

coccus; spherical cell

colo-

large intestine; colon

collo-

glue; jelly;l gelatin

colpo-

vagina

condylo-

condyle

conjunctivi-, conjunctivo-

conjunctiva

contra-

against; opposed

core-, coreo-

pupil

cortico-

cortex

costo-

rib

counter-

against

cranio-

cranium; skull

cryo-

icy; cold; frost; extremely cold

crypto-

hidden; crypt

cupro-

copper

cyclo-

ciliary body

cyst-, cysto-

closed sac; bladder; cyst; sac with fluid

cyto-

cell

dactyko-

finger

de-

from; away from; down from

deci-

ten; tenth

dendro-

dendron

dentino-

dentin

dento-, denti-, odonto-

tooth

derma-, dermato-, dermo-

skin

dextro-

right

di-, diplo-

two; double