Vocab 1-2

approbation-def

the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval

approbation-syn

commendation, sanction

approbation-ant

disapproval, condemnation, censure

assuage-def

to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench

assuage-syn

mitigate, alleviate, slake, allay

assauge-ant

intensify, aggravate, exacerbate

coalition-def

a combination, union or merger for some specific purpose

coalition-syn

alliance, league, federation, combine

coalition-ant

splinter group

decadence-def

decline, decay or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive slef-indulgence

decadence-syn

degeneration, corruption

decadence-ant

rise, growth, development, maturation

elicit-def

to draw forth, bring out from some source (such as another person)

elicit-syn

call forth, evoke, extract, educe

elicit-ant

repress, quash, squelch, stifle

expostulate-def

to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning

expostulate-syn

protest, remonstrate, complain

hackneyed-def

used so often as to lack freshness or originality

hackneyed-syn

banal, trite, commonplace, corny

hackneyed-ant

new, fresh, novel, original

hiatus-def

a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing)

hiatus-syn

pause, lacuna

hiatus-ant

continuity, continuation

innuendo-def

a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense)

innuendo-syn

insinuation, intimation

innuendo-ant

direct statement

intercede-def

to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement

intercede-syn

intervene, mediate

jaded-def

wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated by exsessive indulgence)

jaded-syn

sated, surfeited, cloyed

jaded-ant

unspoiled, uncloyed

lurid-def

causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pal or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack or restraint

lurid-syn

gruesome, gory, grisly, baleful, ghastly

lurid-ant

pleasant, attractive, appealing, wholesome

meritorious-def

worthy, deserving recognition and praise

metrotorious-syn

praiseworthy, laudable, commendable

meritorious-ant

blameworthy, reprehensible, discreditable

petulant-def

peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset

petulant-syn

irritable, testy, waspish

petulant-ant

even-tempered, placid, serene, amiable

perogative-def

a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence

perogative-syn

perquisite, perk

provincial-def

pertaining to an outlying area; local; narrow in mind or outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward; of a simple, plain design that originated in the countryside;a person with a narrow point of view; a person from an outlying area; a soldier from a province or colony

provincial-syn

narrow-minded, parochial, insular, naive

provincial-ant

cosmopolitan, catholic, broad-minded

simulate-def

to make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of

simulate-syn

feign, pretend, affect

tanscend-def

to rise above or beyond, exceed

transcend-syn

surpass, outstrip

umbrage-def

shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; an overshadowin influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion

umbrage-syn

irriation, pique, annoyance

umbrage-ant

pleasure, delight, satisfaction

unctuous-def

excessively smooth or snug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity or piety; fatty, oily; pliable

unctuous-syn

mealymouthed, servile, fawning, greasy

unctuous-ant

gruff, blunt

ameliorate-def

to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming

ameliorate-syn

amend, better

ameliorate-ant

worsen, aggravate, exacerbate

aplomb-def

poise, assurance, great self-confidence; perpendicularity

aplomb-syn

compisure, self-possession, levelheadedness

aplomb-ant

confusion, embarrassment, abashment

bombastic-def

pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas

bombastic-syn

inflated, highfalutin, high-flown, pretentious

bombastic-ant

unadorned, simple, plain, austere

callow-def

withour experioence; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers

callow-syn

green, raw, unfledged, ineperienced

callow-ant

mature, grown-up, polished, sophisticated

drivel-def

saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; nonsenseto let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly

drivel-syn

balderdash, hogwash, tommyrot; slaver

epitome-def

a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality

epitome-syn

abstact, digest, model, archetype

exhort-def

to urge strongly, advise earnestly

exhort-syn

entreat, implore, adjure

exhort-ant

discourage, advise against, deprecate

ex officio-def

by virture of holding a certain office

infringe-def

to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds

infringe-syn

encroach, impinge, intrude, poach

infringe-ant

stay in bounds

ingratiate-def

to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)

ingratiate-syn

cozy up to, curry favor with

ingratiate-ant

alienate, humiliate oneself, mortify oneself

interloper-def

one who movies in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder

interloper-syn

trespasser, meddler, buttinsky

intrinsic-def

belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; orinating in a bodily organ or part

intrinsic-syn

immanent, organic

intrinsic-ant

extrensic, external, outward

inveigh-def

to make violentattack in words, express strong disapproval

inveigh-syn

rail, harague, fulminate, remonstrate

inveigh-ant

acclaim, glorify, extol

lassitude-def

weariness of body or mind, lack of energy

lassitude-syn

fatigue, lethargy, torpor, languor

lassitude-ant

energy, vitality, animation, liveliness

millennium (millennia)-def

a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy

millennuim (millennia)-syn

chiliad, golden age, prosperity, peace

millennium (millennia)-ant

doomsday, day of judgement

occult-def

mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary meansto hide, conceal; eclipsematters involving the supernatural

occult-syn

supernatural, esoteric, abstruse, arcane

occult-ant

mundane, common public, exorteric

permeate-def

to spread through, penetrate, soak through

precipitate-def

to fall as moisture; to cause or bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height; to give distinct form tocharacterized by excessive hastemoisture; the product of an action or progress

precipitate-syn

provoke, produce, reckless, impetuous

precipitate-ant

wary, cautious, circumspect

stringent-def

strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or somelling; sharp or bitter to the taste

stringent-syn

stern, rigorous, tough, urgent, imperative

stringent-ant

lenient, mild, lax, permissive

surmize-def

to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guesslikely idea that lacks definite proof

surmize-syn

infer, gather, inference, presumption