test 3 nutrition

_________________ _________________ is a chronic irreversible diseases characterized by degeneration of body organs due in part to such personal lifestyle elements as poor food choices, smoking, alcohol use and lack of physical activity, also called the lifestyle diseases chronic diseases or the diseases of the old age.

What is a degenerative disease?

2. How does nutrition affect immunity?

A. Adequate nutrition is a key component in maintaining a healthy immune system to defend against infectious disease.

D. Excesses in Iron and zinc these can _______ immunity:

lower

Deficiencies in these can __________ immunity:1. Protein, energyVitamins A, D, E, C, B complex3. Iron, copper, zinc, magnesium, selenium

Lower

An _____________diet (high in saturated fats including trans fat and low in vegetable, fruit, and whole grains)

�atherogenic�

When diets consists mostly of unsaturated fats with abundant fish, fruits, and vegetables, blood cholesterol and the rate of death from heart disease are ______.

low

LDL (LDL-C) � ?____mg/dL

130

HDL Low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) � <____ mg/dL

40

b. Total cholesterol -Less than _______ mg a day of cholesterol

300

No more than ___% of calories from saturated and trans fat combined2. No more than ___ % of calories from total fat

10%35%

In other words lowering _____ is the most important factor to change.-

LDL

Obesity, alcohol consumption, and diets high in certain fats and red meats are associated with _________

cancer

a. When calorie intakes are reduced, cancer rates _______.

fall

Omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids may ________ cancer.2. Omega-3 fatty acids from fish may protect against some cancers and may support recovery during treatment for cancer.

promote